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// 16bit code to handle keyboard requests.
//
// Copyright (C) 2008 Kevin O'Connor <kevin@koconnor.net>
// Copyright (C) 2002 MandrakeSoft S.A.
//
// This file may be distributed under the terms of the GNU LGPLv3 license.
#include "biosvar.h" // GET_BDA
#include "util.h" // debug_enter
#include "config.h" // CONFIG_*
#include "bregs.h" // struct bregs
#include "ps2port.h" // ps2_kbd_command
#include "usb-hid.h" // usb_kbd_command
// Bit definitions for BDA kbd_flag[012]
#define KF0_RSHIFT (1<<0)
#define KF0_LSHIFT (1<<1)
#define KF0_CTRLACTIVE (1<<2)
#define KF0_ALTACTIVE (1<<3)
#define KF0_SCROLLACTIVE (1<<4)
#define KF0_NUMACTIVE (1<<5)
#define KF0_CAPSACTIVE (1<<6)
#define KF1_LCTRL (1<<0)
#define KF1_LALT (1<<1)
#define KF1_PAUSEACTIVE (1<<3)
#define KF1_SCROLL (1<<4)
#define KF1_NUM (1<<5)
#define KF1_CAPS (1<<6)
#define KF2_LAST_E1 (1<<0)
#define KF2_LAST_E0 (1<<1)
#define KF2_RCTRL (1<<2)
#define KF2_RALT (1<<3)
#define KF2_101KBD (1<<4)
void
kbd_setup(void)
{
dprintf(3, "init keyboard\n");
u16 x = offsetof(struct bios_data_area_s, kbd_buf);
SET_BDA(kbd_flag2, KF2_101KBD);
SET_BDA(kbd_buf_head, x);
SET_BDA(kbd_buf_tail, x);
SET_BDA(kbd_buf_start_offset, x);
SET_BDA(kbd_buf_end_offset
, x + FIELD_SIZEOF(struct bios_data_area_s, kbd_buf));
}
static u8
enqueue_key(u8 scan_code, u8 ascii_code)
{
u16 buffer_start = GET_BDA(kbd_buf_start_offset);
u16 buffer_end = GET_BDA(kbd_buf_end_offset);
u16 buffer_head = GET_BDA(kbd_buf_head);
u16 buffer_tail = GET_BDA(kbd_buf_tail);
u16 temp_tail = buffer_tail;
buffer_tail += 2;
if (buffer_tail >= buffer_end)
buffer_tail = buffer_start;
if (buffer_tail == buffer_head)
return 0;
SET_FARVAR(SEG_BDA, *(u8*)(temp_tail+0), ascii_code);
SET_FARVAR(SEG_BDA, *(u8*)(temp_tail+1), scan_code);
SET_BDA(kbd_buf_tail, buffer_tail);
return 1;
}
static void
dequeue_key(struct bregs *regs, int incr, int extended)
{
yield();
u16 buffer_head;
u16 buffer_tail;
for (;;) {
buffer_head = GET_BDA(kbd_buf_head);
buffer_tail = GET_BDA(kbd_buf_tail);
if (buffer_head != buffer_tail)
break;
if (!incr) {
regs->flags |= F_ZF;
return;
}
yield_toirq();
}
u8 ascii_code = GET_FARVAR(SEG_BDA, *(u8*)(buffer_head+0));
u8 scan_code = GET_FARVAR(SEG_BDA, *(u8*)(buffer_head+1));
if ((ascii_code == 0xF0 && scan_code != 0)
|| (ascii_code == 0xE0 && !extended))
ascii_code = 0;
regs->ax = (scan_code << 8) | ascii_code;
if (!incr) {
regs->flags &= ~F_ZF;
return;
}
u16 buffer_start = GET_BDA(kbd_buf_start_offset);
u16 buffer_end = GET_BDA(kbd_buf_end_offset);
buffer_head += 2;
if (buffer_head >= buffer_end)
buffer_head = buffer_start;
SET_BDA(kbd_buf_head, buffer_head);
}
static int
kbd_command(int command, u8 *param)
{
if (usb_kbd_active())
return stack_hop(command, (u32)param, usb_kbd_command);
return stack_hop(command, (u32)param, ps2_kbd_command);
}
// read keyboard input
static void
handle_1600(struct bregs *regs)
{
dequeue_key(regs, 1, 0);
}
// check keyboard status
static void
handle_1601(struct bregs *regs)
{
dequeue_key(regs, 0, 0);
}
// get shift flag status
static void
handle_1602(struct bregs *regs)
{
yield();
regs->al = GET_BDA(kbd_flag0);
}
// store key-stroke into buffer
static void
handle_1605(struct bregs *regs)
{
regs->al = !enqueue_key(regs->ch, regs->cl);
}
// GET KEYBOARD FUNCTIONALITY
static void
handle_1609(struct bregs *regs)
{
// bit Bochs Description
// 7 0 reserved
// 6 0 INT 16/AH=20h-22h supported (122-key keyboard support)
// 5 1 INT 16/AH=10h-12h supported (enhanced keyboard support)
// 4 1 INT 16/AH=0Ah supported
// 3 0 INT 16/AX=0306h supported
// 2 0 INT 16/AX=0305h supported
// 1 0 INT 16/AX=0304h supported
// 0 0 INT 16/AX=0300h supported
//
regs->al = 0x30;
}
// GET KEYBOARD ID
static void
handle_160a(struct bregs *regs)
{
u8 param[2];
int ret = kbd_command(ATKBD_CMD_GETID, param);
if (ret) {
regs->bx = 0;
return;
}
regs->bx = (param[1] << 8) | param[0];
}
// read MF-II keyboard input
static void
handle_1610(struct bregs *regs)
{
dequeue_key(regs, 1, 1);
}
// check MF-II keyboard status
static void
handle_1611(struct bregs *regs)
{
dequeue_key(regs, 0, 1);
}
// get extended keyboard status
static void
handle_1612(struct bregs *regs)
{
yield();
regs->al = GET_BDA(kbd_flag0);
regs->ah = ((GET_BDA(kbd_flag1) & ~(KF2_RCTRL|KF2_RALT))
| (GET_BDA(kbd_flag2) & (KF2_RCTRL|KF2_RALT)));
//BX_DEBUG_INT16("int16: func 12 sending %04x\n",AX);
}
static void
handle_166f(struct bregs *regs)
{
if (regs->al == 0x08)
// unsupported, aka normal keyboard
regs->ah = 2;
}
// keyboard capability check called by DOS 5.0+ keyb
static void
handle_1692(struct bregs *regs)
{
// function int16 ah=0x10-0x12 supported
regs->ah = 0x80;
}
// 122 keys capability check called by DOS 5.0+ keyb
static void
handle_16a2(struct bregs *regs)
{
// don't change AH : function int16 ah=0x20-0x22 NOT supported
}
static void
handle_16XX(struct bregs *regs)
{
warn_unimplemented(regs);
}
static void
set_leds(void)
{
u8 shift_flags = (GET_BDA(kbd_flag0) >> 4) & 0x07;
u8 kbd_led = GET_BDA(kbd_led);
u8 led_flags = kbd_led & 0x07;
if (shift_flags == led_flags)
return;
int ret = kbd_command(ATKBD_CMD_SETLEDS, &shift_flags);
if (ret)
// Error
return;
kbd_led = (kbd_led & ~0x07) | shift_flags;
SET_BDA(kbd_led, kbd_led);
}
// INT 16h Keyboard Service Entry Point
void VISIBLE16
handle_16(struct bregs *regs)
{
debug_enter(regs, DEBUG_HDL_16);
if (! CONFIG_KEYBOARD)
return;
// XXX - set_leds should be called from irq handler
set_leds();
switch (regs->ah) {
case 0x00: handle_1600(regs); break;
case 0x01: handle_1601(regs); break;
case 0x02: handle_1602(regs); break;
case 0x05: handle_1605(regs); break;
case 0x09: handle_1609(regs); break;
case 0x0a: handle_160a(regs); break;
case 0x10: handle_1610(regs); break;
case 0x11: handle_1611(regs); break;
case 0x12: handle_1612(regs); break;
case 0x92: handle_1692(regs); break;
case 0xa2: handle_16a2(regs); break;
case 0x6f: handle_166f(regs); break;
default: handle_16XX(regs); break;
}
}
#define none 0
#define MNUM KF0_NUMACTIVE
#define MCAP KF0_CAPSACTIVE
static struct scaninfo {
u16 normal;
u16 shift;
u16 control;
u16 alt;
u8 lock_flags;
} scan_to_scanascii[] VAR16 = {
{ none, none, none, none, none },
{ 0x011b, 0x011b, 0x011b, 0x0100, none }, /* escape */
{ 0x0231, 0x0221, none, 0x7800, none }, /* 1! */
{ 0x0332, 0x0340, 0x0300, 0x7900, none }, /* 2@ */
{ 0x0433, 0x0423, none, 0x7a00, none }, /* 3# */
{ 0x0534, 0x0524, none, 0x7b00, none }, /* 4$ */
{ 0x0635, 0x0625, none, 0x7c00, none }, /* 5% */
{ 0x0736, 0x075e, 0x071e, 0x7d00, none }, /* 6^ */
{ 0x0837, 0x0826, none, 0x7e00, none }, /* 7& */
{ 0x0938, 0x092a, none, 0x7f00, none }, /* 8* */
{ 0x0a39, 0x0a28, none, 0x8000, none }, /* 9( */
{ 0x0b30, 0x0b29, none, 0x8100, none }, /* 0) */
{ 0x0c2d, 0x0c5f, 0x0c1f, 0x8200, none }, /* -_ */
{ 0x0d3d, 0x0d2b, none, 0x8300, none }, /* =+ */
{ 0x0e08, 0x0e08, 0x0e7f, none, none }, /* backspace */
{ 0x0f09, 0x0f00, none, none, none }, /* tab */
{ 0x1071, 0x1051, 0x1011, 0x1000, MCAP }, /* Q */
{ 0x1177, 0x1157, 0x1117, 0x1100, MCAP }, /* W */
{ 0x1265, 0x1245, 0x1205, 0x1200, MCAP }, /* E */
{ 0x1372, 0x1352, 0x1312, 0x1300, MCAP }, /* R */
{ 0x1474, 0x1454, 0x1414, 0x1400, MCAP }, /* T */
{ 0x1579, 0x1559, 0x1519, 0x1500, MCAP }, /* Y */
{ 0x1675, 0x1655, 0x1615, 0x1600, MCAP }, /* U */
{ 0x1769, 0x1749, 0x1709, 0x1700, MCAP }, /* I */
{ 0x186f, 0x184f, 0x180f, 0x1800, MCAP }, /* O */
{ 0x1970, 0x1950, 0x1910, 0x1900, MCAP }, /* P */
{ 0x1a5b, 0x1a7b, 0x1a1b, none, none }, /* [{ */
{ 0x1b5d, 0x1b7d, 0x1b1d, none, none }, /* ]} */
{ 0x1c0d, 0x1c0d, 0x1c0a, none, none }, /* Enter */
{ none, none, none, none, none }, /* L Ctrl */
{ 0x1e61, 0x1e41, 0x1e01, 0x1e00, MCAP }, /* A */
{ 0x1f73, 0x1f53, 0x1f13, 0x1f00, MCAP }, /* S */
{ 0x2064, 0x2044, 0x2004, 0x2000, MCAP }, /* D */
{ 0x2166, 0x2146, 0x2106, 0x2100, MCAP }, /* F */
{ 0x2267, 0x2247, 0x2207, 0x2200, MCAP }, /* G */
{ 0x2368, 0x2348, 0x2308, 0x2300, MCAP }, /* H */
{ 0x246a, 0x244a, 0x240a, 0x2400, MCAP }, /* J */
{ 0x256b, 0x254b, 0x250b, 0x2500, MCAP }, /* K */
{ 0x266c, 0x264c, 0x260c, 0x2600, MCAP }, /* L */
{ 0x273b, 0x273a, none, none, none }, /* ;: */
{ 0x2827, 0x2822, none, none, none }, /* '" */
{ 0x2960, 0x297e, none, none, none }, /* `~ */
{ none, none, none, none, none }, /* L shift */
{ 0x2b5c, 0x2b7c, 0x2b1c, none, none }, /* |\ */
{ 0x2c7a, 0x2c5a, 0x2c1a, 0x2c00, MCAP }, /* Z */
{ 0x2d78, 0x2d58, 0x2d18, 0x2d00, MCAP }, /* X */
{ 0x2e63, 0x2e43, 0x2e03, 0x2e00, MCAP }, /* C */
{ 0x2f76, 0x2f56, 0x2f16, 0x2f00, MCAP }, /* V */
{ 0x3062, 0x3042, 0x3002, 0x3000, MCAP }, /* B */
{ 0x316e, 0x314e, 0x310e, 0x3100, MCAP }, /* N */
{ 0x326d, 0x324d, 0x320d, 0x3200, MCAP }, /* M */
{ 0x332c, 0x333c, none, none, none }, /* ,< */
{ 0x342e, 0x343e, none, none, none }, /* .> */
{ 0x352f, 0x353f, none, none, none }, /* /? */
{ none, none, none, none, none }, /* R Shift */
{ 0x372a, 0x372a, none, none, none }, /* * */
{ none, none, none, none, none }, /* L Alt */
{ 0x3920, 0x3920, 0x3920, 0x3920, none }, /* space */
{ none, none, none, none, none }, /* caps lock */
{ 0x3b00, 0x5400, 0x5e00, 0x6800, none }, /* F1 */
{ 0x3c00, 0x5500, 0x5f00, 0x6900, none }, /* F2 */
{ 0x3d00, 0x5600, 0x6000, 0x6a00, none }, /* F3 */
{ 0x3e00, 0x5700, 0x6100, 0x6b00, none }, /* F4 */
{ 0x3f00, 0x5800, 0x6200, 0x6c00, none }, /* F5 */
{ 0x4000, 0x5900, 0x6300, 0x6d00, none }, /* F6 */
{ 0x4100, 0x5a00, 0x6400, 0x6e00, none }, /* F7 */
{ 0x4200, 0x5b00, 0x6500, 0x6f00, none }, /* F8 */
{ 0x4300, 0x5c00, 0x6600, 0x7000, none }, /* F9 */
{ 0x4400, 0x5d00, 0x6700, 0x7100, none }, /* F10 */
{ none, none, none, none, none }, /* Num Lock */
{ none, none, none, none, none }, /* Scroll Lock */
{ 0x4700, 0x4737, 0x7700, none, MNUM }, /* 7 Home */
{ 0x4800, 0x4838, none, none, MNUM }, /* 8 UP */
{ 0x4900, 0x4939, 0x8400, none, MNUM }, /* 9 PgUp */
{ 0x4a2d, 0x4a2d, none, none, none }, /* - */
{ 0x4b00, 0x4b34, 0x7300, none, MNUM }, /* 4 Left */
{ 0x4c00, 0x4c35, none, none, MNUM }, /* 5 */
{ 0x4d00, 0x4d36, 0x7400, none, MNUM }, /* 6 Right */
{ 0x4e2b, 0x4e2b, none, none, none }, /* + */
{ 0x4f00, 0x4f31, 0x7500, none, MNUM }, /* 1 End */
{ 0x5000, 0x5032, none, none, MNUM }, /* 2 Down */
{ 0x5100, 0x5133, 0x7600, none, MNUM }, /* 3 PgDn */
{ 0x5200, 0x5230, none, none, MNUM }, /* 0 Ins */
{ 0x5300, 0x532e, none, none, MNUM }, /* Del */
{ none, none, none, none, none },
{ none, none, none, none, none },
{ 0x565c, 0x567c, none, none, none }, /* \| */
{ 0x8500, 0x8700, 0x8900, 0x8b00, none }, /* F11 */
{ 0x8600, 0x8800, 0x8a00, 0x8c00, none }, /* F12 */
};
// Handle a ps2 style scancode read from the keyboard.
static void
__process_key(u8 scancode)
{
u8 flags0 = GET_BDA(kbd_flag0);
u8 flags1 = GET_BDA(kbd_flag1);
u8 flags2 = GET_BDA(kbd_flag2);
if (flags2 & KF2_LAST_E1) {
// Part of "pause" key (sequence is e1 1d 45 e1 9d c5)
if ((scancode & ~0x80) == 0x1d)
// Second key of sequence
return;
// Third key of sequence - clear flag.
flags2 &= ~KF2_LAST_E1;
SET_BDA(kbd_flag2, flags2);
if (scancode == 0xc5) {
// Final key in sequence.
// XXX - do actual pause.
}
return;
}
// XXX - PrtScr should cause int 0x05
// XXX - Ctrl+Break should cause int 0x1B
// XXX - SysReq should cause int 0x15/0x85
switch (scancode) {
case 0x00:
dprintf(1, "KBD: int09 handler: AL=0\n");
return;
case 0x3a: /* Caps Lock press */
flags0 ^= KF0_CAPSACTIVE;
flags1 |= KF1_CAPS;
break;
case 0xba: /* Caps Lock release */
flags1 &= ~KF1_CAPS;
break;
case 0x2a: /* L Shift press */
flags0 |= KF0_LSHIFT;
break;
case 0xaa: /* L Shift release */
flags0 &= ~KF0_LSHIFT;
break;
case 0x36: /* R Shift press */
flags0 |= KF0_RSHIFT;
break;
case 0xb6: /* R Shift release */
flags0 &= ~KF0_RSHIFT;
break;
case 0x1d: /* Ctrl press */
flags0 |= KF0_CTRLACTIVE;
if (flags2 & KF2_LAST_E0)
flags2 |= KF2_RCTRL;
else
flags1 |= KF1_LCTRL;
break;
case 0x9d: /* Ctrl release */
flags0 &= ~KF0_CTRLACTIVE;
if (flags2 & KF2_LAST_E0)
flags2 &= ~KF2_RCTRL;
else
flags1 &= ~KF1_LCTRL;
break;
case 0x38: /* Alt press */
flags0 |= KF0_ALTACTIVE;
if (flags2 & KF2_LAST_E0)
flags2 |= KF2_RALT;
else
flags1 |= KF1_LALT;
break;
case 0xb8: /* Alt release */
flags0 &= ~KF0_ALTACTIVE;
if (flags2 & KF2_LAST_E0)
flags2 &= ~KF2_RALT;
else
flags1 &= ~KF1_LALT;
break;
case 0x45: /* Num Lock press */
flags1 |= KF1_NUM;
flags0 ^= KF0_NUMACTIVE;
break;
case 0xc5: /* Num Lock release */
flags1 &= ~KF1_NUM;
break;
case 0x46: /* Scroll Lock press */
flags1 |= KF1_SCROLL;
flags0 ^= KF0_SCROLLACTIVE;
break;
case 0xc6: /* Scroll Lock release */
flags1 &= ~KF1_SCROLL;
break;
case 0xe0:
// Extended key
flags2 |= KF2_LAST_E0;
SET_BDA(kbd_flag2, flags2);
return;
case 0xe1:
// Start of pause key sequence
flags2 |= KF2_LAST_E1;
break;
default:
if (scancode & 0x80)
// toss key releases
break;
if (scancode == 0x53
&& ((flags0 & (KF0_CTRLACTIVE|KF0_ALTACTIVE))
== (KF0_CTRLACTIVE|KF0_ALTACTIVE))) {
// Ctrl+alt+del - reset machine.
SET_BDA(soft_reset_flag, 0x1234);
reset_vector();
}
if (scancode >= ARRAY_SIZE(scan_to_scanascii)) {
dprintf(1, "KBD: int09h_handler(): unknown scancode read: 0x%02x!\n"
, scancode);
return;
}
u8 asciicode;
struct scaninfo *info = &scan_to_scanascii[scancode];
if (flags0 & KF0_ALTACTIVE) {
asciicode = GET_GLOBAL(info->alt);
scancode = GET_GLOBAL(info->alt) >> 8;
} else if (flags0 & KF0_CTRLACTIVE) {
asciicode = GET_GLOBAL(info->control);
scancode = GET_GLOBAL(info->control) >> 8;
} else if (flags2 & KF2_LAST_E0
&& scancode >= 0x47 && scancode <= 0x53) {
/* extended keys handling */
asciicode = 0xe0;
scancode = GET_GLOBAL(info->normal) >> 8;
} else if (flags0 & (KF0_RSHIFT|KF0_LSHIFT)) {
/* check if lock state should be ignored because a SHIFT
* key is pressed */
if (flags0 & GET_GLOBAL(info->lock_flags)) {
asciicode = GET_GLOBAL(info->normal);
scancode = GET_GLOBAL(info->normal) >> 8;
} else {
asciicode = GET_GLOBAL(info->shift);
scancode = GET_GLOBAL(info->shift) >> 8;
}
} else {
/* check if lock is on */
if (flags0 & GET_GLOBAL(info->lock_flags)) {
asciicode = GET_GLOBAL(info->shift);
scancode = GET_GLOBAL(info->shift) >> 8;
} else {
asciicode = GET_GLOBAL(info->normal);
scancode = GET_GLOBAL(info->normal) >> 8;
}
}
if (scancode==0 && asciicode==0)
dprintf(1, "KBD: scancode & asciicode are zero?\n");
enqueue_key(scancode, asciicode);
break;
}
flags2 &= ~KF2_LAST_E0;
SET_BDA(kbd_flag0, flags0);
SET_BDA(kbd_flag1, flags1);
SET_BDA(kbd_flag2, flags2);
}
void
process_key(u8 key)
{
if (!CONFIG_KEYBOARD)
return;
if (CONFIG_KBD_CALL_INT15_4F) {
// allow for keyboard intercept
struct bregs br;
memset(&br, 0, sizeof(br));
br.eax = (0x4f << 8) | key;
br.flags = F_IF|F_CF;
call16_int(0x15, &br);
if (!(br.flags & F_CF))
return;
key = br.eax;
}
__process_key(key);
}