blob: 556a9a4227fedf3d3f3c7609b0690e87c809d6b4 [file] [log] [blame]
// Low level NVMe disk access
//
// Copyright 2017 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.
//
// This file may be distributed under the terms of the GNU LGPLv3 license.
#include "blockcmd.h"
#include "malloc.h" // malloc_high
#include "output.h" // dprintf
#include "pci.h"
#include "pci_ids.h" // PCI_CLASS_STORAGE_NVME
#include "pci_regs.h" // PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_0
#include "pcidevice.h" // foreachpci
#include "stacks.h" // yield
#include "std/disk.h" // DISK_RET_
#include "string.h" // memset
#include "util.h" // boot_add_hd
#include "x86.h" // readl
#include "nvme.h"
#include "nvme-int.h"
static void *
zalloc_page_aligned(struct zone_s *zone, u32 size)
{
void *res = _malloc(zone, size, NVME_PAGE_SIZE);
if (res) memset(res, 0, size);
return res;
}
static void
nvme_init_queue_common(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, struct nvme_queue *q, u16 q_idx,
u16 length)
{
memset(q, 0, sizeof(*q));
q->dbl = (u32 *)((char *)ctrl->reg + 0x1000 + q_idx * ctrl->doorbell_stride);
dprintf(3, " q %p q_idx %u dbl %p\n", q, q_idx, q->dbl);
q->mask = length - 1;
}
static void
nvme_init_sq(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, struct nvme_sq *sq, u16 q_idx, u16 length,
struct nvme_cq *cq)
{
nvme_init_queue_common(ctrl, &sq->common, q_idx, length);
sq->sqe = zalloc_page_aligned(&ZoneHigh, sizeof(*sq->sqe) * length);
dprintf(3, "sq %p q_idx %u sqe %p\n", sq, q_idx, sq->sqe);
sq->cq = cq;
sq->head = 0;
sq->tail = 0;
}
static void
nvme_init_cq(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, struct nvme_cq *cq, u16 q_idx, u16 length)
{
nvme_init_queue_common(ctrl, &cq->common, q_idx, length);
cq->cqe = zalloc_page_aligned(&ZoneHigh, sizeof(*cq->cqe) * length);
cq->head = 0;
/* All CQE phase bits are initialized to zero. This means initially we wait
for the host controller to set these to 1. */
cq->phase = 1;
}
static int
nvme_poll_cq(struct nvme_cq *cq)
{
u32 dw3 = readl(&cq->cqe[cq->head].dword[3]);
return (!!(dw3 & NVME_CQE_DW3_P) == cq->phase);
}
static int
nvme_is_cqe_success(struct nvme_cqe const *cqe)
{
return ((cqe->status >> 1) & 0xFF) == 0;
}
static struct nvme_cqe
nvme_error_cqe(void)
{
struct nvme_cqe r;
/* 0xFF is a vendor specific status code != success. Should be okay for
indicating failure. */
memset(&r, 0xFF, sizeof(r));
return r;
}
static struct nvme_cqe
nvme_consume_cqe(struct nvme_sq *sq)
{
struct nvme_cq *cq = sq->cq;
if (!nvme_poll_cq(cq)) {
/* Cannot consume a completion queue entry, if there is none ready. */
return nvme_error_cqe();
}
struct nvme_cqe *cqe = &cq->cqe[cq->head];
u16 cq_next_head = (cq->head + 1) & cq->common.mask;
dprintf(4, "cq %p head %u -> %u\n", cq, cq->head, cq_next_head);
if (cq_next_head < cq->head) {
dprintf(3, "cq %p wrap\n", cq);
cq->phase = ~cq->phase;
}
cq->head = cq_next_head;
/* Update the submission queue head. */
if (cqe->sq_head != sq->head) {
sq->head = cqe->sq_head;
dprintf(4, "sq %p advanced to %u\n", sq, cqe->sq_head);
}
/* Tell the controller that we consumed the completion. */
writel(cq->common.dbl, cq->head);
return *cqe;
}
static struct nvme_cqe
nvme_wait(struct nvme_sq *sq)
{
static const unsigned nvme_timeout = 5000 /* ms */;
u32 to = timer_calc(nvme_timeout);
while (!nvme_poll_cq(sq->cq)) {
yield();
if (timer_check(to)) {
warn_timeout();
return nvme_error_cqe();
}
}
return nvme_consume_cqe(sq);
}
/* Returns the next submission queue entry (or NULL if the queue is full). It
also fills out Command Dword 0 and clears the rest. */
static struct nvme_sqe *
nvme_get_next_sqe(struct nvme_sq *sq, u8 opc, void *metadata, void *data)
{
if (((sq->head + 1) & sq->common.mask) == sq->tail) {
dprintf(3, "submission queue is full");
return NULL;
}
struct nvme_sqe *sqe = &sq->sqe[sq->tail];
dprintf(4, "sq %p next_sqe %u\n", sq, sq->tail);
memset(sqe, 0, sizeof(*sqe));
sqe->cdw0 = opc | (sq->tail << 16 /* CID */);
sqe->mptr = (u32)metadata;
sqe->dptr_prp1 = (u32)data;
if (sqe->dptr_prp1 & (NVME_PAGE_SIZE - 1)) {
/* Data buffer not page aligned. */
warn_internalerror();
}
return sqe;
}
/* Call this after you've filled out an sqe that you've got from nvme_get_next_sqe. */
static void
nvme_commit_sqe(struct nvme_sq *sq)
{
dprintf(4, "sq %p commit_sqe %u\n", sq, sq->tail);
sq->tail = (sq->tail + 1) & sq->common.mask;
writel(sq->common.dbl, sq->tail);
}
/* Perform an identify command on the admin queue and return the resulting
buffer. This may be a NULL pointer, if something failed. This function
cannot be used after initialization, because it uses buffers in tmp zone. */
static union nvme_identify *
nvme_admin_identify(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, u8 cns, u32 nsid)
{
union nvme_identify *identify_buf = zalloc_page_aligned(&ZoneTmpHigh, 4096);
if (!identify_buf) {
/* Could not allocate identify buffer. */
warn_internalerror();
return NULL;
}
struct nvme_sqe *cmd_identify;
cmd_identify = nvme_get_next_sqe(&ctrl->admin_sq,
NVME_SQE_OPC_ADMIN_IDENTIFY, NULL,
identify_buf);
if (!cmd_identify) {
warn_internalerror();
goto error;
}
cmd_identify->nsid = nsid;
cmd_identify->dword[10] = cns;
nvme_commit_sqe(&ctrl->admin_sq);
struct nvme_cqe cqe = nvme_wait(&ctrl->admin_sq);
if (!nvme_is_cqe_success(&cqe)) {
goto error;
}
return identify_buf;
error:
free(identify_buf);
return NULL;
}
static struct nvme_identify_ctrl *
nvme_admin_identify_ctrl(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl)
{
return &nvme_admin_identify(ctrl, NVME_ADMIN_IDENTIFY_CNS_ID_CTRL, 0)->ctrl;
}
static struct nvme_identify_ns *
nvme_admin_identify_ns(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, u32 ns_id)
{
return &nvme_admin_identify(ctrl, NVME_ADMIN_IDENTIFY_CNS_ID_NS,
ns_id)->ns;
}
static void
nvme_probe_ns(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, struct nvme_namespace *ns, u32 ns_id)
{
ns->ctrl = ctrl;
ns->ns_id = ns_id;
struct nvme_identify_ns *id = nvme_admin_identify_ns(ctrl, ns_id);
if (!id) {
dprintf(2, "NVMe couldn't identify namespace %u.\n", ns_id);
goto free_buffer;
}
u8 current_lba_format = id->flbas & 0xF;
if (current_lba_format > id->nlbaf) {
dprintf(2, "NVMe NS %u: current LBA format %u is beyond what the "
" namespace supports (%u)?\n",
ns_id, current_lba_format, id->nlbaf + 1);
goto free_buffer;
}
ns->lba_count = id->nsze;
if (!ns->lba_count) {
dprintf(2, "NVMe NS %u is inactive.\n", ns_id);
goto free_buffer;
}
struct nvme_lba_format *fmt = &id->lbaf[current_lba_format];
ns->block_size = 1U << fmt->lbads;
ns->metadata_size = fmt->ms;
if (ns->block_size > NVME_PAGE_SIZE) {
/* If we see devices that trigger this path, we need to increase our
buffer size. */
warn_internalerror();
goto free_buffer;
}
ns->drive.cntl_id = ns - ctrl->ns;
ns->drive.removable = 0;
ns->drive.type = DTYPE_NVME;
ns->drive.blksize = ns->block_size;
ns->drive.sectors = ns->lba_count;
ns->dma_buffer = zalloc_page_aligned(&ZoneHigh, NVME_PAGE_SIZE);
char *desc = znprintf(MAXDESCSIZE, "NVMe NS %u: %llu MiB (%llu %u-byte "
"blocks + %u-byte metadata)\n",
ns_id, (ns->lba_count * ns->block_size) >> 20,
ns->lba_count, ns->block_size, ns->metadata_size);
dprintf(3, "%s", desc);
boot_add_hd(&ns->drive, desc, bootprio_find_pci_device(ctrl->pci));
free_buffer:
free (id);
}
/* Returns 0 on success. */
static int
nvme_create_io_cq(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, struct nvme_cq *cq, u16 q_idx)
{
struct nvme_sqe *cmd_create_cq;
nvme_init_cq(ctrl, cq, q_idx, NVME_PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct nvme_cqe));
cmd_create_cq = nvme_get_next_sqe(&ctrl->admin_sq,
NVME_SQE_OPC_ADMIN_CREATE_IO_CQ, NULL,
cq->cqe);
if (!cmd_create_cq) {
return -1;
}
cmd_create_cq->dword[10] = (cq->common.mask << 16) | (q_idx >> 1);
cmd_create_cq->dword[11] = 1 /* physically contiguous */;
nvme_commit_sqe(&ctrl->admin_sq);
struct nvme_cqe cqe = nvme_wait(&ctrl->admin_sq);
if (!nvme_is_cqe_success(&cqe)) {
dprintf(2, "create io cq failed: %08x %08x %08x %08x\n",
cqe.dword[0], cqe.dword[1], cqe.dword[2], cqe.dword[3]);
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
/* Returns 0 on success. */
static int
nvme_create_io_sq(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, struct nvme_sq *sq, u16 q_idx, struct nvme_cq *cq)
{
struct nvme_sqe *cmd_create_sq;
nvme_init_sq(ctrl, sq, q_idx, NVME_PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct nvme_cqe), cq);
cmd_create_sq = nvme_get_next_sqe(&ctrl->admin_sq,
NVME_SQE_OPC_ADMIN_CREATE_IO_SQ, NULL,
sq->sqe);
if (!cmd_create_sq) {
return -1;
}
cmd_create_sq->dword[10] = (sq->common.mask << 16) | (q_idx >> 1);
cmd_create_sq->dword[11] = (q_idx >> 1) << 16 | 1 /* contiguous */;
dprintf(3, "sq %p create dword10 %08x dword11 %08x\n", sq,
cmd_create_sq->dword[10], cmd_create_sq->dword[11]);
nvme_commit_sqe(&ctrl->admin_sq);
struct nvme_cqe cqe = nvme_wait(&ctrl->admin_sq);
if (!nvme_is_cqe_success(&cqe)) {
dprintf(2, "create io sq failed: %08x %08x %08x %08x\n",
cqe.dword[0], cqe.dword[1], cqe.dword[2], cqe.dword[3]);
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
/* Reads count sectors into buf. Returns DISK_RET_*. The buffer cannot cross
page boundaries. */
static int
nvme_io_readwrite(struct nvme_namespace *ns, u64 lba, char *buf, u16 count,
int write)
{
u32 buf_addr = (u32)buf;
if ((buf_addr & 0x3) ||
((buf_addr & ~(NVME_PAGE_SIZE - 1)) !=
((buf_addr + ns->block_size * count - 1) & ~(NVME_PAGE_SIZE - 1)))) {
/* Buffer is misaligned or crosses page boundary */
warn_internalerror();
return DISK_RET_EBADTRACK;
}
struct nvme_sqe *io_read = nvme_get_next_sqe(&ns->ctrl->io_sq,
write ? NVME_SQE_OPC_IO_WRITE
: NVME_SQE_OPC_IO_READ,
NULL, buf);
io_read->nsid = ns->ns_id;
io_read->dword[10] = (u32)lba;
io_read->dword[11] = (u32)(lba >> 32);
io_read->dword[12] = (1U << 31 /* limited retry */) | (count - 1);
nvme_commit_sqe(&ns->ctrl->io_sq);
struct nvme_cqe cqe = nvme_wait(&ns->ctrl->io_sq);
if (!nvme_is_cqe_success(&cqe)) {
dprintf(2, "read io: %08x %08x %08x %08x\n",
cqe.dword[0], cqe.dword[1], cqe.dword[2], cqe.dword[3]);
return DISK_RET_EBADTRACK;
}
return DISK_RET_SUCCESS;
}
static int
nvme_create_io_queues(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl)
{
if (nvme_create_io_cq(ctrl, &ctrl->io_cq, 3))
return -1;
if (nvme_create_io_sq(ctrl, &ctrl->io_sq, 2, &ctrl->io_cq))
return -1;
return 0;
}
/* Waits for CSTS.RDY to match rdy. Returns 0 on success. */
static int
nvme_wait_csts_rdy(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, unsigned rdy)
{
u32 const max_to = 500 /* ms */ * ((ctrl->reg->cap >> 24) & 0xFFU);
u32 to = timer_calc(max_to);
u32 csts;
while (rdy != ((csts = ctrl->reg->csts) & NVME_CSTS_RDY)) {
yield();
if (csts & NVME_CSTS_FATAL) {
dprintf(3, "NVMe fatal error during controller shutdown\n");
return -1;
}
if (timer_check(to)) {
warn_timeout();
return -1;
}
}
return 0;
}
/* Returns 0 on success. */
static int
nvme_controller_enable(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl)
{
pci_enable_busmaster(ctrl->pci);
/* Turn the controller off. */
ctrl->reg->cc = 0;
if (nvme_wait_csts_rdy(ctrl, 0)) {
dprintf(2, "NVMe fatal error during controller shutdown\n");
return -1;
}
ctrl->doorbell_stride = 4U << ((ctrl->reg->cap >> 32) & 0xF);
nvme_init_cq(ctrl, &ctrl->admin_cq, 1,
NVME_PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct nvme_cqe));
nvme_init_sq(ctrl, &ctrl->admin_sq, 0,
NVME_PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct nvme_sqe), &ctrl->admin_cq);
ctrl->reg->aqa = ctrl->admin_cq.common.mask << 16
| ctrl->admin_sq.common.mask;
/* Create the admin queue pair */
if (!ctrl->admin_sq.sqe || !ctrl->admin_cq.cqe) goto out_of_memory;
ctrl->reg->asq = (u32)ctrl->admin_sq.sqe;
ctrl->reg->acq = (u32)ctrl->admin_cq.cqe;
dprintf(3, " admin submission queue: %p\n", ctrl->admin_sq.sqe);
dprintf(3, " admin completion queue: %p\n", ctrl->admin_cq.cqe);
ctrl->reg->cc = NVME_CC_EN | (NVME_CQE_SIZE_LOG << 20)
| (NVME_SQE_SIZE_LOG << 16 /* IOSQES */);
if (nvme_wait_csts_rdy(ctrl, 1)) {
dprintf(2, "NVMe fatal error while enabling controller\n");
goto failed;
}
/* The admin queue is set up and the controller is ready. Let's figure out
what namespaces we have. */
struct nvme_identify_ctrl *identify = nvme_admin_identify_ctrl(ctrl);
if (!identify) {
dprintf(2, "NVMe couldn't identify controller.\n");
goto failed;
}
/* TODO Print model/serial info. */
dprintf(3, "NVMe has %u namespace%s.\n",
identify->nn, (identify->nn == 1) ? "" : "s");
ctrl->ns_count = identify->nn;
free(identify);
if ((ctrl->ns_count == 0) || nvme_create_io_queues(ctrl)) {
/* No point to continue, if the controller says it doesn't have
namespaces or we couldn't create I/O queues. */
goto failed;
}
ctrl->ns = malloc_fseg(sizeof(*ctrl->ns) * ctrl->ns_count);
if (!ctrl->ns) goto out_of_memory;
memset(ctrl->ns, 0, sizeof(*ctrl->ns) * ctrl->ns_count);
/* Populate namespace IDs */
int ns_idx;
for (ns_idx = 0; ns_idx < ctrl->ns_count; ns_idx++) {
nvme_probe_ns(ctrl, &ctrl->ns[ns_idx], ns_idx + 1);
}
dprintf(3, "NVMe initialization complete!\n");
return 0;
out_of_memory:
warn_noalloc();
failed:
free(ctrl->admin_sq.sqe);
free(ctrl->admin_cq.cqe);
free(ctrl->ns);
return -1;
}
/* Initialize an NVMe controller and detect its drives. */
static void
nvme_controller_setup(void *opaque)
{
struct pci_device *pci = opaque;
struct nvme_reg volatile *reg = pci_enable_membar(pci, PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_0);
if (!reg)
return;
u32 version = reg->vs;
dprintf(3, "Found NVMe controller with version %u.%u.%u.\n",
version >> 16, (version >> 8) & 0xFF, version & 0xFF);
dprintf(3, " Capabilities %016llx\n", reg->cap);
if (~reg->cap & NVME_CAP_CSS_NVME) {
dprintf(3, "Controller doesn't speak NVMe command set. Skipping.\n");
return;
}
struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl = malloc_high(sizeof(*ctrl));
if (!ctrl) {
warn_noalloc();
return;
}
memset(ctrl, 0, sizeof(*ctrl));
ctrl->reg = reg;
ctrl->pci = pci;
if (nvme_controller_enable(ctrl)) {
/* Initialization failed */
free(ctrl);
}
}
// Locate and init NVMe controllers
static void
nvme_scan(void)
{
// Scan PCI bus for NVMe adapters
struct pci_device *pci;
foreachpci(pci) {
if (pci->class != PCI_CLASS_STORAGE_NVME)
continue;
if (pci->prog_if != 2 /* as of NVM 1.0e */) {
dprintf(3, "Found incompatble NVMe: prog-if=%02x\n", pci->prog_if);
continue;
}
run_thread(nvme_controller_setup, pci);
}
}
static int
nvme_cmd_readwrite(struct nvme_namespace *ns, struct disk_op_s *op, int write)
{
int res = DISK_RET_SUCCESS;
u16 const max_blocks = NVME_PAGE_SIZE / ns->block_size;
u16 i;
for (i = 0; i < op->count && res == DISK_RET_SUCCESS;) {
u16 blocks_remaining = op->count - i;
u16 blocks = blocks_remaining < max_blocks ? blocks_remaining
: max_blocks;
char *op_buf = op->buf_fl + i * ns->block_size;
if (write) {
memcpy(ns->dma_buffer, op_buf, blocks * ns->block_size);
}
res = nvme_io_readwrite(ns, op->lba + i, ns->dma_buffer, blocks, write);
dprintf(3, "ns %u %s lba %llu+%u: %d\n", ns->ns_id, write ? "write"
: "read",
op->lba + i, blocks, res);
if (!write && res == DISK_RET_SUCCESS) {
memcpy(op_buf, ns->dma_buffer, blocks * ns->block_size);
}
i += blocks;
}
return res;
}
int
nvme_process_op(struct disk_op_s *op)
{
if (!CONFIG_NVME)
return DISK_RET_SUCCESS;
struct nvme_namespace *ns = container_of(op->drive_gf, struct nvme_namespace,
drive);
switch (op->command) {
case CMD_READ:
case CMD_WRITE:
return nvme_cmd_readwrite(ns, op, op->command == CMD_WRITE);
default:
return default_process_op(op);
}
}
void
nvme_setup(void)
{
ASSERT32FLAT();
if (!CONFIG_NVME)
return;
dprintf(3, "init nvme\n");
nvme_scan();
}
/* EOF */