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// Basic x86 asm functions and function defs.
//
// Copyright (C) 2008-2010 Kevin O'Connor <kevin@koconnor.net>
//
// This file may be distributed under the terms of the GNU LGPLv3 license.
#ifndef __UTIL_H
#define __UTIL_H
#include "types.h" // u32
static inline void irq_disable(void)
{
asm volatile("cli": : :"memory");
}
static inline void irq_enable(void)
{
asm volatile("sti": : :"memory");
}
static inline u32 save_flags(void)
{
u32 flags;
asm volatile("pushfl ; popl %0" : "=rm" (flags));
return flags;
}
static inline void restore_flags(u32 flags)
{
asm volatile("pushl %0 ; popfl" : : "g" (flags) : "memory", "cc");
}
static inline void cpu_relax(void)
{
asm volatile("rep ; nop": : :"memory");
}
static inline void nop(void)
{
asm volatile("nop");
}
static inline void hlt(void)
{
asm volatile("hlt": : :"memory");
}
static inline void wbinvd(void)
{
asm volatile("wbinvd": : :"memory");
}
#define CPUID_TSC (1 << 4)
#define CPUID_MSR (1 << 5)
#define CPUID_APIC (1 << 9)
#define CPUID_MTRR (1 << 12)
static inline void __cpuid(u32 index, u32 *eax, u32 *ebx, u32 *ecx, u32 *edx)
{
asm("cpuid"
: "=a" (*eax), "=b" (*ebx), "=c" (*ecx), "=d" (*edx)
: "0" (index));
}
static inline u32 getcr0(void) {
u32 cr0;
asm("movl %%cr0, %0" : "=r"(cr0));
return cr0;
}
static inline void setcr0(u32 cr0) {
asm("movl %0, %%cr0" : : "r"(cr0));
}
static inline u64 rdmsr(u32 index)
{
u64 ret;
asm ("rdmsr" : "=A"(ret) : "c"(index));
return ret;
}
static inline void wrmsr(u32 index, u64 val)
{
asm volatile ("wrmsr" : : "c"(index), "A"(val));
}
static inline u64 rdtscll(void)
{
u64 val;
asm volatile("rdtsc" : "=A" (val));
return val;
}
static inline u32 __ffs(u32 word)
{
asm("bsf %1,%0"
: "=r" (word)
: "rm" (word));
return word;
}
static inline u32 __fls(u32 word)
{
asm("bsr %1,%0"
: "=r" (word)
: "rm" (word));
return word;
}
static inline u16 __htons_constant(u16 val) {
return (val<<8) | (val>>8);
}
static inline u32 __htonl_constant(u32 val) {
return (val<<24) | ((val&0xff00)<<8) | ((val&0xff0000)>>8) | (val>>24);
}
static inline u32 __htonl(u32 val) {
asm("bswapl %0" : "+r"(val));
return val;
}
#define htonl(x) (__builtin_constant_p((u32)(x)) ? __htonl_constant(x) : __htonl(x))
#define ntohl(x) htonl(x)
#define htons(x) __htons_constant(x)
#define ntohs(x) htons(x)
static inline u16 cpu_to_le16(u16 x)
{
return x;
}
static inline u32 cpu_to_le32(u32 x)
{
return x;
}
static inline u32 le32_to_cpu(u32 x)
{
return x;
}
static inline u32 getesp(void) {
u32 esp;
asm("movl %%esp, %0" : "=rm"(esp));
return esp;
}
static inline void writel(void *addr, u32 val) {
*(volatile u32 *)addr = val;
}
static inline void writew(void *addr, u16 val) {
*(volatile u16 *)addr = val;
}
static inline void writeb(void *addr, u8 val) {
*(volatile u8 *)addr = val;
}
static inline u32 readl(const void *addr) {
return *(volatile const u32 *)addr;
}
static inline u16 readw(const void *addr) {
return *(volatile const u16 *)addr;
}
static inline u8 readb(const void *addr) {
return *(volatile const u8 *)addr;
}
// GDT bits
#define GDT_CODE (0x9bULL << 40) // Code segment - P,R,A bits also set
#define GDT_DATA (0x93ULL << 40) // Data segment - W,A bits also set
#define GDT_B (0x1ULL << 54) // Big flag
#define GDT_G (0x1ULL << 55) // Granularity flag
// GDT bits for segment base
#define GDT_BASE(v) ((((u64)(v) & 0xff000000) << 32) \
| (((u64)(v) & 0x00ffffff) << 16))
// GDT bits for segment limit (0-1Meg)
#define GDT_LIMIT(v) ((((u64)(v) & 0x000f0000) << 32) \
| (((u64)(v) & 0x0000ffff) << 0))
// GDT bits for segment limit (0-4Gig in 4K chunks)
#define GDT_GRANLIMIT(v) (GDT_G | GDT_LIMIT((v) >> 12))
struct descloc_s {
u16 length;
u32 addr;
} PACKED;
// util.c
void cpuid(u32 index, u32 *eax, u32 *ebx, u32 *ecx, u32 *edx);
u8 checksum_far(u16 buf_seg, void *buf_far, u32 len);
u8 checksum(void *buf, u32 len);
size_t strlen(const char *s);
int memcmp(const void *s1, const void *s2, size_t n);
int strcmp(const char *s1, const char *s2);
inline void memset_far(u16 d_seg, void *d_far, u8 c, size_t len);
inline void memset16_far(u16 d_seg, void *d_far, u16 c, size_t len);
void *memset(void *s, int c, size_t n);
void memset_fl(void *ptr, u8 val, size_t size);
inline void memcpy_far(u16 d_seg, void *d_far
, u16 s_seg, const void *s_far, size_t len);
void memcpy_fl(void *d_fl, const void *s_fl, size_t len);
void *memcpy(void *d1, const void *s1, size_t len);
#if MODESEGMENT == 0
#define memcpy __builtin_memcpy
#endif
void iomemcpy(void *d, const void *s, u32 len);
void *memmove(void *d, const void *s, size_t len);
char *strtcpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t len);
char *strchr(const char *s, int c);
void nullTrailingSpace(char *buf);
int get_keystroke(int msec);
// stacks.c
extern u8 ExtraStack[], *StackPos;
u32 stack_hop(u32 eax, u32 edx, void *func);
u32 stack_hop_back(u32 eax, u32 edx, void *func);
u32 call32(void *func, u32 eax, u32 errret);
struct bregs;
inline void farcall16(struct bregs *callregs);
inline void farcall16big(struct bregs *callregs);
inline void __call16_int(struct bregs *callregs, u16 offset);
#define call16_int(nr, callregs) do { \
extern void irq_trampoline_ ##nr (); \
__call16_int((callregs), (u32)&irq_trampoline_ ##nr ); \
} while (0)
extern struct thread_info MainThread;
struct thread_info *getCurThread(void);
void yield(void);
void yield_toirq(void);
void run_thread(void (*func)(void*), void *data);
void wait_threads(void);
struct mutex_s { u32 isLocked; };
void mutex_lock(struct mutex_s *mutex);
void mutex_unlock(struct mutex_s *mutex);
void start_preempt(void);
void finish_preempt(void);
int wait_preempt(void);
void check_preempt(void);
// output.c
void debug_serial_setup(void);
void panic(const char *fmt, ...)
__attribute__ ((format (printf, 1, 2))) __noreturn;
void printf(const char *fmt, ...)
__attribute__ ((format (printf, 1, 2)));
int snprintf(char *str, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...)
__attribute__ ((format (printf, 3, 4)));
char * znprintf(size_t size, const char *fmt, ...)
__attribute__ ((format (printf, 2, 3)));
void __dprintf(const char *fmt, ...)
__attribute__ ((format (printf, 1, 2)));
void __debug_enter(struct bregs *regs, const char *fname);
void __debug_isr(const char *fname);
void __debug_stub(struct bregs *regs, int lineno, const char *fname);
void __warn_invalid(struct bregs *regs, int lineno, const char *fname);
void __warn_unimplemented(struct bregs *regs, int lineno, const char *fname);
void __warn_internalerror(int lineno, const char *fname);
void __warn_noalloc(int lineno, const char *fname);
void __warn_timeout(int lineno, const char *fname);
void __set_invalid(struct bregs *regs, int lineno, const char *fname);
void __set_unimplemented(struct bregs *regs, int lineno, const char *fname);
void __set_code_invalid(struct bregs *regs, u32 linecode, const char *fname);
void __set_code_unimplemented(struct bregs *regs, u32 linecode
, const char *fname);
void hexdump(const void *d, int len);
#define dprintf(lvl, fmt, args...) do { \
if (CONFIG_DEBUG_LEVEL && (lvl) <= CONFIG_DEBUG_LEVEL) \
__dprintf((fmt) , ##args ); \
} while (0)
#define debug_enter(regs, lvl) do { \
if ((lvl) && (lvl) <= CONFIG_DEBUG_LEVEL) \
__debug_enter((regs), __func__); \
} while (0)
#define debug_isr(lvl) do { \
if ((lvl) && (lvl) <= CONFIG_DEBUG_LEVEL) \
__debug_isr(__func__); \
} while (0)
#define debug_stub(regs) \
__debug_stub((regs), __LINE__, __func__)
#define warn_invalid(regs) \
__warn_invalid((regs), __LINE__, __func__)
#define warn_unimplemented(regs) \
__warn_unimplemented((regs), __LINE__, __func__)
#define warn_internalerror() \
__warn_internalerror(__LINE__, __func__)
#define warn_noalloc() \
__warn_noalloc(__LINE__, __func__)
#define warn_timeout() \
__warn_timeout(__LINE__, __func__)
#define set_invalid(regs) \
__set_invalid((regs), __LINE__, __func__)
#define set_code_invalid(regs, code) \
__set_code_invalid((regs), (code) | (__LINE__ << 8), __func__)
#define set_unimplemented(regs) \
__set_unimplemented((regs), __LINE__, __func__)
#define set_code_unimplemented(regs, code) \
__set_code_unimplemented((regs), (code) | (__LINE__ << 8), __func__)
// kbd.c
void kbd_setup(void);
void handle_15c2(struct bregs *regs);
void process_key(u8 key);
// mouse.c
void mouse_setup(void);
void process_mouse(u8 data);
// system.c
extern u32 RamSize;
extern u64 RamSizeOver4G;
void mathcp_setup(void);
// serial.c
void serial_setup(void);
void lpt_setup(void);
// clock.c
#define PIT_TICK_RATE 1193180 // Underlying HZ of PIT
#define PIT_TICK_INTERVAL 65536 // Default interval for 18.2Hz timer
int check_tsc(u64 end);
void timer_setup(void);
void ndelay(u32 count);
void udelay(u32 count);
void mdelay(u32 count);
void nsleep(u32 count);
void usleep(u32 count);
void msleep(u32 count);
u64 calc_future_tsc(u32 msecs);
u64 calc_future_tsc_usec(u32 usecs);
u32 calc_future_timer_ticks(u32 count);
u32 calc_future_timer(u32 msecs);
int check_timer(u32 end);
void handle_1583(struct bregs *regs);
void handle_1586(struct bregs *regs);
void useRTC(void);
void releaseRTC(void);
// apm.c
void apm_shutdown(void);
void handle_1553(struct bregs *regs);
// pcibios.c
void handle_1ab1(struct bregs *regs);
void bios32_setup(void);
// shadow.c
void make_bios_writable(void);
void make_bios_readonly(void);
void qemu_prep_reset(void);
// pciinit.c
extern const u8 pci_irqs[4];
void pci_setup(void);
// smm.c
void smm_init(void);
// smp.c
extern u32 CountCPUs;
extern u32 MaxCountCPUs;
void wrmsr_smp(u32 index, u64 val);
void smp_probe(void);
// coreboot.c
extern const char *CBvendor, *CBpart;
struct cbfs_file;
void cbfs_run_payload(struct cbfs_file *file);
void coreboot_copy_biostable(void);
void cbfs_payload_setup(void);
void coreboot_setup(void);
void coreboot_cbfs_setup(void);
// biostable.c
void copy_table(void *pos);
// vgahooks.c
void handle_155f(struct bregs *regs);
struct pci_device;
void vgahook_setup(struct pci_device *pci);
// optionroms.c
void call_bcv(u16 seg, u16 ip);
void optionrom_setup(void);
void vga_setup(void);
void s3_resume_vga_init(void);
extern int ScreenAndDebug;
// bootsplash.c
void enable_vga_console(void);
void enable_bootsplash(void);
void disable_bootsplash(void);
// resume.c
extern int HaveRunPost;
void init_dma(void);
// pnpbios.c
#define PNP_SIGNATURE 0x506e5024 // $PnP
u16 get_pnp_offset(void);
void pnp_setup(void);
// pmm.c
extern struct zone_s ZoneLow, ZoneHigh, ZoneFSeg, ZoneTmpLow, ZoneTmpHigh;
u32 rom_get_top(void);
u32 rom_get_last(void);
struct rom_header *rom_reserve(u32 size);
int rom_confirm(u32 size);
void malloc_setup(void);
void malloc_fixupreloc(void);
void malloc_finalize(void);
void *pmm_malloc(struct zone_s *zone, u32 handle, u32 size, u32 align);
int pmm_free(void *data);
void pmm_setup(void);
void pmm_finalize(void);
#define PMM_DEFAULT_HANDLE 0xFFFFFFFF
// Minimum alignment of malloc'd memory
#define MALLOC_MIN_ALIGN 16
// Helper functions for memory allocation.
static inline void *malloc_low(u32 size) {
return pmm_malloc(&ZoneLow, PMM_DEFAULT_HANDLE, size, MALLOC_MIN_ALIGN);
}
static inline void *malloc_high(u32 size) {
return pmm_malloc(&ZoneHigh, PMM_DEFAULT_HANDLE, size, MALLOC_MIN_ALIGN);
}
static inline void *malloc_fseg(u32 size) {
return pmm_malloc(&ZoneFSeg, PMM_DEFAULT_HANDLE, size, MALLOC_MIN_ALIGN);
}
static inline void *malloc_tmplow(u32 size) {
return pmm_malloc(&ZoneTmpLow, PMM_DEFAULT_HANDLE, size, MALLOC_MIN_ALIGN);
}
static inline void *malloc_tmphigh(u32 size) {
return pmm_malloc(&ZoneTmpHigh, PMM_DEFAULT_HANDLE, size, MALLOC_MIN_ALIGN);
}
static inline void *malloc_tmp(u32 size) {
void *ret = malloc_tmphigh(size);
if (ret)
return ret;
return malloc_tmplow(size);
}
static inline void *memalign_low(u32 align, u32 size) {
return pmm_malloc(&ZoneLow, PMM_DEFAULT_HANDLE, size, align);
}
static inline void *memalign_high(u32 align, u32 size) {
return pmm_malloc(&ZoneHigh, PMM_DEFAULT_HANDLE, size, align);
}
static inline void *memalign_tmplow(u32 align, u32 size) {
return pmm_malloc(&ZoneTmpLow, PMM_DEFAULT_HANDLE, size, align);
}
static inline void *memalign_tmphigh(u32 align, u32 size) {
return pmm_malloc(&ZoneTmpHigh, PMM_DEFAULT_HANDLE, size, align);
}
static inline void *memalign_tmp(u32 align, u32 size) {
void *ret = memalign_tmphigh(align, size);
if (ret)
return ret;
return memalign_tmplow(align, size);
}
static inline void free(void *data) {
pmm_free(data);
}
// mtrr.c
void mtrr_setup(void);
// romfile.c
struct romfile_s {
struct romfile_s *next;
char name[128];
u32 size;
int (*copy)(struct romfile_s *file, void *dest, u32 maxlen);
u32 id;
u32 rawsize;
u32 flags;
void *data;
};
void romfile_add(struct romfile_s *file);
struct romfile_s *romfile_findprefix(const char *prefix, struct romfile_s *prev);
struct romfile_s *romfile_find(const char *name);
void *romfile_loadfile(const char *name, int *psize);
u64 romfile_loadint(const char *name, u64 defval);
// romlayout.S
void reset_vector(void) __noreturn;
// misc.c
extern u8 BiosChecksum;
// version (auto generated file out/version.c)
extern const char VERSION[];
#endif // util.h