blob: fd581840bdf0c93bd1838a377fc13719b3283078 [file] [log] [blame]
// Paravirtualization support.
//
// Copyright (C) 2013 Kevin O'Connor <kevin@koconnor.net>
// Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat Inc.
//
// Authors:
// Gleb Natapov <gnatapov@redhat.com>
//
// This file may be distributed under the terms of the GNU LGPLv3 license.
#include "config.h" // CONFIG_QEMU
#include "util.h" // dprintf
#include "byteorder.h" // be32_to_cpu
#include "ioport.h" // outw
#include "paravirt.h" // qemu_cfg_preinit
#include "smbios.h" // smbios_setup
#include "memmap.h" // add_e820
#include "hw/cmos.h" // CMOS_*
#include "acpi.h" // acpi_setup
#include "mptable.h" // mptable_setup
#include "hw/pci.h" // create_pirtable
#include "xen.h" // xen_biostable_setup
#include "romfile.h" // romfile_loadint
#include "string.h" // memset
#include "x86.h" // cpuid
// Amount of continuous ram under 4Gig
u32 RamSize;
// Amount of continuous ram >4Gig
u64 RamSizeOver4G;
// Type of emulator platform.
int PlatformRunningOn VARFSEG;
/* This CPUID returns the signature 'KVMKVMKVM' in ebx, ecx, and edx. It
* should be used to determine that a VM is running under KVM.
*/
#define KVM_CPUID_SIGNATURE 0x40000000
static void kvm_preinit(void)
{
if (!CONFIG_QEMU)
return;
unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx;
char signature[13];
cpuid(KVM_CPUID_SIGNATURE, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
memcpy(signature + 0, &ebx, 4);
memcpy(signature + 4, &ecx, 4);
memcpy(signature + 8, &edx, 4);
signature[12] = 0;
if (strcmp(signature, "KVMKVMKVM") == 0) {
dprintf(1, "Running on KVM\n");
PlatformRunningOn |= PF_KVM;
}
}
void
qemu_preinit(void)
{
if (!CONFIG_QEMU)
return;
if (runningOnXen()) {
xen_ramsize_preinit();
return;
}
PlatformRunningOn = PF_QEMU;
kvm_preinit();
// On emulators, get memory size from nvram.
u32 rs = ((inb_cmos(CMOS_MEM_EXTMEM2_LOW) << 16)
| (inb_cmos(CMOS_MEM_EXTMEM2_HIGH) << 24));
if (rs)
rs += 16 * 1024 * 1024;
else
rs = (((inb_cmos(CMOS_MEM_EXTMEM_LOW) << 10)
| (inb_cmos(CMOS_MEM_EXTMEM_HIGH) << 18))
+ 1 * 1024 * 1024);
RamSize = rs;
add_e820(0, rs, E820_RAM);
// Check for memory over 4Gig
u64 high = ((inb_cmos(CMOS_MEM_HIGHMEM_LOW) << 16)
| ((u32)inb_cmos(CMOS_MEM_HIGHMEM_MID) << 24)
| ((u64)inb_cmos(CMOS_MEM_HIGHMEM_HIGH) << 32));
RamSizeOver4G = high;
add_e820(0x100000000ull, high, E820_RAM);
/* reserve 256KB BIOS area at the end of 4 GB */
add_e820(0xfffc0000, 256*1024, E820_RESERVED);
dprintf(1, "Ram Size=0x%08x (0x%016llx high)\n", RamSize, RamSizeOver4G);
}
void
qemu_platform_setup(void)
{
if (!CONFIG_QEMU)
return;
if (runningOnXen()) {
pci_probe_devices();
xen_hypercall_setup();
xen_biostable_setup();
return;
}
// Initialize pci
pci_setup();
smm_device_setup();
smm_setup();
// Initialize mtrr and smp
mtrr_setup();
smp_setup();
// Create bios tables
pirtable_setup();
mptable_setup();
smbios_setup();
acpi_setup();
}
/****************************************************************
* QEMU firmware config (fw_cfg) interface
****************************************************************/
// List of QEMU fw_cfg entries. DO NOT ADD MORE. (All new content
// should be passed via the fw_cfg "file" interface.)
#define QEMU_CFG_SIGNATURE 0x00
#define QEMU_CFG_ID 0x01
#define QEMU_CFG_UUID 0x02
#define QEMU_CFG_NUMA 0x0d
#define QEMU_CFG_BOOT_MENU 0x0e
#define QEMU_CFG_MAX_CPUS 0x0f
#define QEMU_CFG_FILE_DIR 0x19
#define QEMU_CFG_ARCH_LOCAL 0x8000
#define QEMU_CFG_ACPI_TABLES (QEMU_CFG_ARCH_LOCAL + 0)
#define QEMU_CFG_SMBIOS_ENTRIES (QEMU_CFG_ARCH_LOCAL + 1)
#define QEMU_CFG_IRQ0_OVERRIDE (QEMU_CFG_ARCH_LOCAL + 2)
#define QEMU_CFG_E820_TABLE (QEMU_CFG_ARCH_LOCAL + 3)
static void
qemu_cfg_select(u16 f)
{
outw(f, PORT_QEMU_CFG_CTL);
}
static void
qemu_cfg_read(void *buf, int len)
{
insb(PORT_QEMU_CFG_DATA, buf, len);
}
static void
qemu_cfg_skip(int len)
{
while (len--)
inb(PORT_QEMU_CFG_DATA);
}
static void
qemu_cfg_read_entry(void *buf, int e, int len)
{
qemu_cfg_select(e);
qemu_cfg_read(buf, len);
}
struct qemu_romfile_s {
struct romfile_s file;
int select, skip;
};
static int
qemu_cfg_read_file(struct romfile_s *file, void *dst, u32 maxlen)
{
if (file->size > maxlen)
return -1;
struct qemu_romfile_s *qfile;
qfile = container_of(file, struct qemu_romfile_s, file);
qemu_cfg_select(qfile->select);
qemu_cfg_skip(qfile->skip);
qemu_cfg_read(dst, file->size);
return file->size;
}
static void
qemu_romfile_add(char *name, int select, int skip, int size)
{
struct qemu_romfile_s *qfile = malloc_tmp(sizeof(*qfile));
if (!qfile) {
warn_noalloc();
return;
}
memset(qfile, 0, sizeof(*qfile));
strtcpy(qfile->file.name, name, sizeof(qfile->file.name));
qfile->file.size = size;
qfile->select = select;
qfile->skip = skip;
qfile->file.copy = qemu_cfg_read_file;
romfile_add(&qfile->file);
}
struct e820_reservation {
u64 address;
u64 length;
u32 type;
};
#define SMBIOS_FIELD_ENTRY 0
#define SMBIOS_TABLE_ENTRY 1
struct qemu_smbios_header {
u16 length;
u8 headertype;
u8 tabletype;
u16 fieldoffset;
} PACKED;
// Populate romfile entries for legacy fw_cfg ports (that predate the
// "file" interface).
static void
qemu_cfg_legacy(void)
{
if (!CONFIG_QEMU)
return;
// Misc config items.
qemu_romfile_add("etc/show-boot-menu", QEMU_CFG_BOOT_MENU, 0, 2);
qemu_romfile_add("etc/irq0-override", QEMU_CFG_IRQ0_OVERRIDE, 0, 1);
qemu_romfile_add("etc/max-cpus", QEMU_CFG_MAX_CPUS, 0, 2);
// NUMA data
u64 numacount;
qemu_cfg_read_entry(&numacount, QEMU_CFG_NUMA, sizeof(numacount));
int max_cpu = romfile_loadint("etc/max-cpus", 0);
qemu_romfile_add("etc/numa-cpu-map", QEMU_CFG_NUMA, sizeof(numacount)
, max_cpu*sizeof(u64));
qemu_romfile_add("etc/numa-nodes", QEMU_CFG_NUMA
, sizeof(numacount) + max_cpu*sizeof(u64)
, numacount*sizeof(u64));
// e820 data
u32 count32;
qemu_cfg_read_entry(&count32, QEMU_CFG_E820_TABLE, sizeof(count32));
if (count32) {
struct e820_reservation entry;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < count32; i++) {
qemu_cfg_read(&entry, sizeof(entry));
add_e820(entry.address, entry.length, entry.type);
}
} else if (runningOnKVM()) {
// Backwards compatibility - provide hard coded range.
// 4 pages before the bios, 3 pages for vmx tss pages, the
// other page for EPT real mode pagetable
add_e820(0xfffbc000, 4*4096, E820_RESERVED);
}
// ACPI tables
char name[128];
u16 cnt;
qemu_cfg_read_entry(&cnt, QEMU_CFG_ACPI_TABLES, sizeof(cnt));
int i, offset = sizeof(cnt);
for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
u16 len;
qemu_cfg_read(&len, sizeof(len));
offset += sizeof(len);
snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "acpi/table%d", i);
qemu_romfile_add(name, QEMU_CFG_ACPI_TABLES, offset, len);
qemu_cfg_skip(len);
offset += len;
}
// SMBIOS info
qemu_cfg_read_entry(&cnt, QEMU_CFG_SMBIOS_ENTRIES, sizeof(cnt));
offset = sizeof(cnt);
for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
struct qemu_smbios_header header;
qemu_cfg_read(&header, sizeof(header));
if (header.headertype == SMBIOS_FIELD_ENTRY) {
snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "smbios/field%d-%d"
, header.tabletype, header.fieldoffset);
qemu_romfile_add(name, QEMU_CFG_SMBIOS_ENTRIES
, offset + sizeof(header)
, header.length - sizeof(header));
} else {
snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "smbios/table%d-%d"
, header.tabletype, i);
qemu_romfile_add(name, QEMU_CFG_SMBIOS_ENTRIES
, offset + 3, header.length - 3);
}
qemu_cfg_skip(header.length - sizeof(header));
offset += header.length;
}
}
struct QemuCfgFile {
u32 size; /* file size */
u16 select; /* write this to 0x510 to read it */
u16 reserved;
char name[56];
};
void qemu_cfg_init(void)
{
if (!runningOnQEMU())
return;
// Detect fw_cfg interface.
qemu_cfg_select(QEMU_CFG_SIGNATURE);
char *sig = "QEMU";
int i;
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
if (inb(PORT_QEMU_CFG_DATA) != sig[i])
return;
dprintf(1, "Found QEMU fw_cfg\n");
// Populate romfiles for legacy fw_cfg entries
qemu_cfg_legacy();
// Load files found in the fw_cfg file directory
u32 count;
qemu_cfg_read_entry(&count, QEMU_CFG_FILE_DIR, sizeof(count));
count = be32_to_cpu(count);
u32 e;
for (e = 0; e < count; e++) {
struct QemuCfgFile qfile;
qemu_cfg_read(&qfile, sizeof(qfile));
qemu_romfile_add(qfile.name, be16_to_cpu(qfile.select)
, 0, be32_to_cpu(qfile.size));
}
}