QEMU RISC-V Virt Machine Platform

The QEMU RISC-V Virt Machine is a virtual platform created for RISC-V software development and testing. It is also referred to as QEMU RISC-V VirtIO machine because it uses VirtIO devices for network, storage, and other types of IO.

To build the platform-specific library and firmware images, provide the PLATFORM=qemu/virt parameter to the top level make command.

Platform Options

The QEMU RISC-V Virt Machine platform does not have any platform-specific options.

Execution on QEMU RISC-V 64-bit

No Payload Case

Build:

make PLATFORM=qemu/virt

Run:

qemu-system-riscv64 -M virt -m 256M -nographic \
	-kernel build/platform/qemu/virt/firmware/fw_payload.elf

U-Boot Payload

Note: the command line examples here assume that U-Boot was compiled using the qemu-riscv64_smode_defconfig configuration.

Build:

make PLATFORM=qemu/virt FW_PAYLOAD_PATH=<uboot_build_directory>/u-boot.bin

Run:

qemu-system-riscv64 -M virt -m 256M -nographic \
	-kernel build/platform/qemu/virt/firmware/fw_payload.elf

or

qemu-system-riscv64 -M virt -m 256M -nographic \
	-kernel build/platform/qemu/virt/firmware/fw_jump.elf \
	-device loader,file=<uboot_build_directory>/u-boot.bin,addr=0x80200000

Linux Kernel Payload

Note: We assume that the Linux kernel is compiled using arch/riscv/configs/defconfig.

Build:

make PLATFORM=qemu/virt FW_PAYLOAD_PATH=<linux_build_directory>/arch/riscv/boot/Image

Run:

qemu-system-riscv64 -M virt -m 256M -nographic \
	-kernel build/platform/qemu/virt/firmware/fw_payload.elf \
	-drive file=<path_to_linux_rootfs>,format=raw,id=hd0 \
	-device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0 \
	-append "root=/dev/vda rw console=ttyS0"

or

qemu-system-riscv64 -M virt -m 256M -nographic \
	-kernel build/platform/qemu/virt/firmware/fw_jump.elf \
	-device loader,file=<linux_build_directory>/arch/riscv/boot/Image,addr=0x80200000 \
	-drive file=<path_to_linux_rootfs>,format=raw,id=hd0 \
	-device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0 \
	-append "root=/dev/vda rw console=ttyS0"

Execution on QEMU RISC-V 32-bit

No Payload Case

Build:

make PLATFORM=qemu/virt

Run:

qemu-system-riscv32 -M virt -m 256M -nographic \
	-kernel build/platform/qemu/virt/firmware/fw_payload.elf

U-Boot Payload

Note: the command line examples here assume that U-Boot was compiled using the qemu-riscv32_smode_defconfig configuration.

Build:

make PLATFORM=qemu/virt FW_PAYLOAD_PATH=<uboot_build_directory>/u-boot.bin

Run:

qemu-system-riscv32 -M virt -m 256M -nographic \
	-kernel build/platform/qemu/virt/firmware/fw_payload.elf

or

qemu-system-riscv32 -M virt -m 256M -nographic \
	-kernel build/platform/qemu/virt/firmware/fw_jump.elf \
	-device loader,file=<uboot_build_directory>/u-boot.bin,addr=0x80400000

Linux Kernel Payload

Note: We assume that the Linux kernel is compiled using arch/riscv/configs/rv32_defconfig (kernel 5.1 and newer) respectively using arch/riscv/configs/defconfig plus setting CONFIG_ARCH_RV32I=y (kernel 5.0 and older).

Build:

make PLATFORM=qemu/virt FW_PAYLOAD_PATH=<linux_build_directory>/arch/riscv/boot/Image

Run:

qemu-system-riscv32 -M virt -m 256M -nographic \
	-kernel build/platform/qemu/virt/firmware/fw_payload.elf \
	-drive file=<path_to_linux_rootfs>,format=raw,id=hd0 \
	-device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0 \
	-append "root=/dev/vda rw console=ttyS0"

or

qemu-system-riscv32 -M virt -m 256M -nographic \
	-kernel build/platform/qemu/virt/firmware/fw_jump.elf \
	-device loader,file=<linux_build_directory>/arch/riscv/boot/Image,addr=0x80400000 \
	-drive file=<path_to_linux_rootfs>,format=raw,id=hd0 \
	-device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0 \
	-append "root=/dev/vda rw console=ttyS0"