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Lubomir Rintelb2154e82018-01-14 17:35:33 +01001/*
2 * This file is part of the flashrom project.
3 *
4 * Copyright (C) 2018 Lubomir Rintel <lkundrak@v3.sk>
5 *
6 * Based on ft2232_spi.c:
7 *
8 * Copyright (C) 2011 asbokid <ballymunboy@gmail.com>
9 * Copyright (C) 2014 Pluto Yang <yangyj.ee@gmail.com>
10 * Copyright (C) 2015-2016 Stefan Tauner
11 * Copyright (C) 2015 Urja Rannikko <urjaman@gmail.com>
12 *
13 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
14 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
15 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
16 * (at your option) any later version.
17 *
18 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
19 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
20 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
21 * GNU General Public License for more details.
22 *
23 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
24 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
25 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
26 */
27
28/*
29 * The reverse-engineered protocol description was obtained from the
30 * iceBurn project <https://github.com/davidcarne/iceBurn> by
31 * David Carne <davidcarne@gmail.com>.
32 */
33
34#include <stdlib.h>
35#include <string.h>
36#include <libusb.h>
37#include "programmer.h"
38
39/* This is pretty much arbitrarily chosen. After one second without a
40 * response we can be pretty sure we're not going to succeed. */
41#define USB_TIMEOUT 1000
42
43#define CMD_WRITE_EP 0x01
44#define CMD_READ_EP 0x82
45#define DATA_WRITE_EP 0x03
46#define DATA_READ_EP 0x84
47
48static struct libusb_device_handle *handle = NULL;
49static bool reset_board;
50
51#define DIGILENT_VID 0x1443
52#define DIGILENT_JTAG_PID 0x0007
53
54const struct dev_entry devs_digilent_spi[] = {
55 { DIGILENT_VID, DIGILENT_JTAG_PID, OK, "Digilent", "Development board JTAG" },
56 { 0 },
57};
58
59/* Control endpoint commands. */
60enum {
61 GET_BOARD_TYPE = 0xe2,
62 GET_BOARD_SERIAL = 0xe4,
63};
64
65/* Command bulk endpoint command groups. */
66enum {
67 CMD_GPIO = 0x03,
68 CMD_BOARD = 0x04,
69 CMD_SPI = 0x06,
70};
71
72/* GPIO subcommands. */
73enum {
74 CMD_GPIO_OPEN = 0x00,
75 CMD_GPIO_CLOSE = 0x01,
76 CMD_GPIO_SET_DIR = 0x04,
77 CMD_GPIO_SET_VAL = 0x06,
78};
79
80/* Board subcommands. */
81enum {
82 CMD_BOARD_OPEN = 0x00,
83 CMD_BOARD_CLOSE = 0x01,
84 CMD_BOARD_SET_REG = 0x04,
85 CMD_BOARD_GET_REG = 0x05,
86 CMD_BOARD_PL_STAT = 0x85,
87};
88
89/* SPI subcommands. */
90enum {
91 CMD_SPI_OPEN = 0x00,
92 CMD_SPI_CLOSE = 0x01,
93 CMD_SPI_SET_SPEED = 0x03,
94 CMD_SPI_SET_MODE = 0x05,
95 CMD_SPI_SET_CS = 0x06,
96 CMD_SPI_START_IO = 0x07,
97 CMD_SPI_TX_END = 0x87,
98};
99
100static int do_command(uint8_t *req, int req_len, uint8_t *res, int res_len)
101{
102 int tx_len = 0;
103 int ret;
104
105 req[0] = req_len - 1;
106 ret = libusb_bulk_transfer(handle, CMD_WRITE_EP, req, req_len, &tx_len, USB_TIMEOUT);
107 if (ret) {
108 msg_perr("Failed to issue a command: '%s'\n", libusb_error_name(ret));
109 return -1;
110 }
111
112 if (tx_len != req_len) {
113 msg_perr("Short write issuing a command\n");
114 return -1;
115 }
116
117 ret = libusb_bulk_transfer(handle, CMD_READ_EP, res, res_len, &tx_len, USB_TIMEOUT);
118 if (ret) {
119 msg_perr("Failed to get a response: '%s'\n", libusb_error_name(ret));
120 return -1;
121 }
122
123 if (tx_len != res_len) {
124 msg_perr("Short read getting a response\n");
125 return -1;
126 }
127
128 if (res[0] != res_len -1) {
129 msg_perr("Response indicates incorrect length.\n");
130 return -1;
131 }
132
133 return 0;
134}
135
136static int gpio_open(void)
137{
138 uint8_t req[] = { 0x00, CMD_GPIO, CMD_GPIO_OPEN, 0x00 };
139 uint8_t res[2];
140
141 return do_command(req, sizeof(req), res, sizeof(res));
142}
143
144static int gpio_set_dir(uint8_t direction)
145{
146 uint8_t req[] = { 0x00, CMD_GPIO, CMD_GPIO_SET_DIR, 0x00,
147 direction, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 };
148 uint8_t res[6];
149
150 return do_command(req, sizeof(req), res, sizeof(res));
151}
152
153static int gpio_set_value(uint8_t value)
154{
155 uint8_t req[] = { 0x00, CMD_GPIO, CMD_GPIO_SET_VAL, 0x00,
156 value, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 };
157 uint8_t res[2];
158
159 return do_command(req, sizeof(req), res, sizeof(res));
160}
161
162static int spi_open(void)
163{
164 uint8_t req[] = { 0x00, CMD_SPI, CMD_SPI_OPEN, 0x00 };
165 uint8_t res[2];
166
167 return do_command(req, sizeof(req), res, sizeof(res));
168}
169
170static int spi_set_speed(uint32_t speed)
171{
172 uint8_t req[] = { 0x00, CMD_SPI, CMD_SPI_SET_SPEED, 0x00,
173 (speed) & 0xff,
174 (speed >> 8) & 0xff,
175 (speed >> 16) & 0xff,
176 (speed >> 24) & 0xff };
177 uint8_t res[6];
178 uint32_t real_speed;
179 int ret;
180
181 ret = do_command(req, sizeof(req), res, sizeof(res));
182 if (ret)
183 return ret;
184
185 real_speed = (res[5] << 24) | (res[4] << 16) | (res[3] << 8) | res[2];
186 if (real_speed != speed)
187 msg_pwarn("SPI speed set to %d instead of %d\n", real_speed, speed);
188
189 return 0;
190}
191
192static int spi_set_mode(uint8_t mode)
193{
194 uint8_t req[] = { 0x00, CMD_SPI, CMD_SPI_SET_MODE, 0x00, mode };
195 uint8_t res[2];
196
197 return do_command(req, sizeof(req), res, sizeof(res));
198}
199
200static int spi_set_cs(uint8_t cs)
201{
202 uint8_t req[] = { 0x00, CMD_SPI, CMD_SPI_SET_CS, 0x00, cs };
203 uint8_t res[2];
204
205 return do_command(req, sizeof(req), res, sizeof(res));
206}
207
208static int spi_start_io(uint8_t read_follows, uint32_t write_len)
209{
210 uint8_t req[] = { 0x00, CMD_SPI, CMD_SPI_START_IO, 0x00,
211 0x00, 0x00, /* meaning unknown */
212 read_follows,
213 (write_len) & 0xff,
214 (write_len >> 8) & 0xff,
215 (write_len >> 16) & 0xff,
216 (write_len >> 24) & 0xff };
217 uint8_t res[2];
218
219 return do_command(req, sizeof(req), res, sizeof(res));
220}
221
222static int spi_tx_end(uint8_t read_follows, uint32_t tx_len)
223{
224 uint8_t req[] = { 0x00, CMD_SPI, CMD_SPI_TX_END, 0x00 };
225 uint8_t res[read_follows ? 10 : 6];
226 int ret;
227 uint32_t count;
228
229 ret = do_command(req, sizeof(req), res, sizeof(res));
230 if (ret != 0)
231 return ret;
232
233 if ((res[1] & 0x80) == 0) {
234 msg_perr("%s: response missing a write count\n", __func__);
235 return -1;
236 }
237
238 count = res[2] | (res[3] << 8) | (res[4] << 16) | res[5] << 24;
239 if (count != tx_len) {
240 msg_perr("%s: wrote only %d bytes instead of %d\n", __func__, count, tx_len);
241 return -1;
242 }
243
244 if (read_follows) {
245 if ((res[1] & 0x40) == 0) {
246 msg_perr("%s: response missing a read count\n", __func__);
247 return -1;
248 }
249
250 count = res[6] | (res[7] << 8) | (res[8] << 16) | res[9] << 24;
251 if (count != tx_len) {
252 msg_perr("%s: read only %d bytes instead of %d\n", __func__, count, tx_len);
253 return -1;
254 }
255 }
256
257 return 0;
258}
259
Edward O'Callaghane4ddc362020-04-12 17:27:53 +1000260static int digilent_spi_send_command(const struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int writecnt, unsigned int readcnt,
Lubomir Rintelb2154e82018-01-14 17:35:33 +0100261 const unsigned char *writearr, unsigned char *readarr)
262{
263 int ret;
264 int len = writecnt + readcnt;
265 int tx_len = 0;
266 uint8_t buf[len];
267 uint8_t read_follows = readcnt > 0 ? 1 : 0;
268
269 memcpy(buf, writearr, writecnt);
270 memset(buf + writecnt, 0xff, readcnt);
271
272 ret = spi_set_cs(0);
273 if (ret != 0)
274 return ret;
275
276 ret = spi_start_io(read_follows, writecnt);
277 if (ret != 0)
278 return ret;
279
280 ret = libusb_bulk_transfer(handle, DATA_WRITE_EP, buf, len, &tx_len, USB_TIMEOUT);
281 if (ret != 0) {
282 msg_perr("%s: failed to write data: '%s'\n", __func__, libusb_error_name(ret));
283 return -1;
284 }
285 if (tx_len != len) {
286 msg_perr("%s: short write\n", __func__);
287 return -1;
288 }
289
290 if (read_follows) {
291 ret = libusb_bulk_transfer(handle, DATA_READ_EP, buf, len, &tx_len, USB_TIMEOUT);
292 if (ret != 0) {
293 msg_perr("%s: failed to read data: '%s'\n", __func__, libusb_error_name(ret));
294 return -1;
295 }
296 if (tx_len != len) {
297 msg_perr("%s: short read\n", __func__);
298 return -1;
299 }
300 }
301
302 ret = spi_tx_end(read_follows, len);
303 if (ret != 0)
304 return ret;
305
306 ret = spi_set_cs(1);
307 if (ret != 0)
308 return ret;
309
310 memcpy(readarr, &buf[writecnt], readcnt);
311
312 return 0;
313}
314
315static const struct spi_master spi_master_digilent_spi = {
Lubomir Rintelb2154e82018-01-14 17:35:33 +0100316 .features = SPI_MASTER_4BA,
317 .max_data_read = 252,
318 .max_data_write = 252,
319 .command = digilent_spi_send_command,
320 .multicommand = default_spi_send_multicommand,
321 .read = default_spi_read,
322 .write_256 = default_spi_write_256,
323 .write_aai = default_spi_write_aai,
324};
325
326
327static int digilent_spi_shutdown(void *data)
328{
329 if (reset_board)
330 gpio_set_dir(0);
331
332 libusb_close(handle);
333 handle = NULL;
334
335 return 0;
336}
337
338static bool default_reset(void)
339{
340 char board[17];
341
342 libusb_control_transfer(handle, LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_IN | LIBUSB_REQUEST_TYPE_VENDOR,
343 GET_BOARD_TYPE, 0, 0,
344 (unsigned char *)board, sizeof(board) - 1, USB_TIMEOUT);
345 board[sizeof(board) -1] = '\0';
346
347 if (strcmp(board, "iCE40") == 0)
348 return true;
349
350 msg_pwarn("%s: unknown board '%s' not attempting a reset. "
351 "Override with '-p digilent_spi=reset=1'.\n", __func__, board);
352 return false;
353}
354
355struct digilent_spispeeds {
356 const char *const name;
357 const int speed;
358};
359
360static const struct digilent_spispeeds spispeeds[] = {
361 { "4M", 4000000 },
362 { "2M", 2000000 },
363 { "1M", 1000000 },
364 { "500k", 500000 },
365 { "250k", 250000 },
366 { "125k", 125000 },
367 { "62.5k", 62500 },
368 { NULL, 0 },
369};
370
371int digilent_spi_init(void)
372{
373 char *p;
374 uint32_t speed_hz = spispeeds[0].speed;
375 int i;
376
377 if (handle != NULL) {
378 msg_cerr("%s: handle already set! Please report a bug at flashrom@flashrom.org\n", __func__);
379 return -1;
380 }
381
382 int32_t ret = libusb_init(NULL);
383 if (ret < 0) {
384 msg_perr("%s: couldn't initialize libusb!\n", __func__);
385 return -1;
386 }
387
Arthur Heymansf3ce9512018-07-17 02:16:44 +0200388#if LIBUSB_API_VERSION < 0x01000106
Lubomir Rintelb2154e82018-01-14 17:35:33 +0100389 libusb_set_debug(NULL, 3);
Arthur Heymansf3ce9512018-07-17 02:16:44 +0200390#else
391 libusb_set_option(NULL, LIBUSB_OPTION_LOG_LEVEL, LIBUSB_LOG_LEVEL_INFO);
392#endif
Lubomir Rintelb2154e82018-01-14 17:35:33 +0100393
394 uint16_t vid = devs_digilent_spi[0].vendor_id;
395 uint16_t pid = devs_digilent_spi[0].device_id;
396 handle = libusb_open_device_with_vid_pid(NULL, vid, pid);
397 if (handle == NULL) {
398 msg_perr("%s: couldn't open device %04x:%04x.\n", __func__, vid, pid);
399 return -1;
400 }
401
402 ret = libusb_claim_interface(handle, 0);
403 if (ret != 0) {
404 msg_perr("%s: failed to claim interface 0: '%s'\n", __func__, libusb_error_name(ret));
405 goto close_handle;
406 }
407
408 p = extract_programmer_param("spispeed");
409 if (p) {
410 for (i = 0; spispeeds[i].name; ++i) {
411 if (!strcasecmp(spispeeds[i].name, p)) {
412 speed_hz = spispeeds[i].speed;
413 break;
414 }
415 }
416 if (!spispeeds[i].name) {
417 msg_perr("Error: Invalid spispeed value: '%s'.\n", p);
418 free(p);
419 goto close_handle;
420 }
421 free(p);
422 }
423
424 p = extract_programmer_param("reset");
425 if (p && strlen(p))
426 reset_board = (p[0] == '1');
427 else
428 reset_board = default_reset();
429 free(p);
430
431 if (reset_board) {
432 if (gpio_open() != 0)
433 goto close_handle;
434 if (gpio_set_dir(1) != 0)
435 goto close_handle;
436 if (gpio_set_value(0) != 0)
437 goto close_handle;
438 }
439
440 if (spi_open() != 0)
441 goto close_handle;
442 if (spi_set_speed(speed_hz) != 0)
443 goto close_handle;
444 if (spi_set_mode(0x00) != 0)
445 goto close_handle;
446
447 register_shutdown(digilent_spi_shutdown, NULL);
448 register_spi_master(&spi_master_digilent_spi);
449
450 return 0;
451
452close_handle:
453 libusb_close(handle);
454 handle = NULL;
455 return -1;
456}