blob: f3df1c7eeeb97179ffa90c38314785c8103ac037 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* This file is part of the flashrom project.
*
* Copyright (C) 2012, 2016 secunet Security Networks AG
* (Written by Nico Huber <nico.huber@secunet.com> for secunet)
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*/
/**
* @mainpage
*
* Have a look at the Modules section for a function reference.
*/
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include "flash.h"
#include "fmap.h"
#include "programmer.h"
#include "layout.h"
#include "hwaccess.h"
#include "ich_descriptors.h"
#include "libflashrom.h"
/**
* @defgroup flashrom-general General
* @{
*/
/** Pointer to log callback function. */
static flashrom_log_callback *global_log_callback = NULL;
/**
* @brief Initialize libflashrom.
*
* @param perform_selfcheck If not zero, perform a self check.
* @return 0 on success
*/
int flashrom_init(const int perform_selfcheck)
{
if (perform_selfcheck && selfcheck())
return 1;
myusec_calibrate_delay();
return 0;
}
/**
* @brief Shut down libflashrom.
* @return 0 on success
*/
int flashrom_shutdown(void)
{
return 0; /* TODO: nothing to do? */
}
/* TODO: flashrom_set_loglevel()? do we need it?
For now, let the user decide in their callback. */
/**
* @brief Set the log callback function.
*
* Set a callback function which will be invoked whenever libflashrom wants
* to output messages. This allows frontends to do whatever they see fit with
* such messages, e.g. write them to syslog, or to file, or print them in a
* GUI window, etc.
*
* @param log_callback Pointer to the new log callback function.
*/
void flashrom_set_log_callback(flashrom_log_callback *const log_callback)
{
global_log_callback = log_callback;
}
/** @private */
int print(const enum flashrom_log_level level, const char *const fmt, ...)
{
if (global_log_callback) {
int ret;
va_list args;
va_start(args, fmt);
ret = global_log_callback(level, fmt, args);
va_end(args);
return ret;
}
return 0;
}
/** @} */ /* end flashrom-general */
/**
* @defgroup flashrom-query Querying
* @{
*/
/**
* @brief Returns flashrom version
* @return flashrom version
*/
const char *flashrom_version_info(void)
{
return flashrom_version;
}
/**
* @brief Returns list of supported programmers
* @return List of supported programmers, or NULL if an error occurred
*/
const char **flashrom_supported_programmers(void)
{
enum programmer p = 0;
const char **supported_programmers = malloc((programmer_table_size + 1) * sizeof(char*));
if (supported_programmers != NULL) {
for (; p < programmer_table_size; ++p) {
supported_programmers[p] = programmer_table[p]->name;
}
} else {
msg_gerr("Memory allocation error!\n");
}
return supported_programmers;
}
/**
* @brief Returns list of supported flash chips
* @return List of supported flash chips, or NULL if an error occurred
*/
struct flashrom_flashchip_info *flashrom_supported_flash_chips(void)
{
unsigned int i = 0;
struct flashrom_flashchip_info *supported_flashchips =
malloc(flashchips_size * sizeof(*supported_flashchips));
if (supported_flashchips != NULL) {
for (; i < flashchips_size; ++i) {
supported_flashchips[i].vendor = flashchips[i].vendor;
supported_flashchips[i].name = flashchips[i].name;
supported_flashchips[i].tested.erase =
(enum flashrom_test_state)flashchips[i].tested.erase;
supported_flashchips[i].tested.probe =
(enum flashrom_test_state)flashchips[i].tested.probe;
supported_flashchips[i].tested.read =
(enum flashrom_test_state)flashchips[i].tested.read;
supported_flashchips[i].tested.write =
(enum flashrom_test_state)flashchips[i].tested.write;
supported_flashchips[i].total_size = flashchips[i].total_size;
}
} else {
msg_gerr("Memory allocation error!\n");
}
return supported_flashchips;
}
/**
* @brief Returns list of supported mainboards
* @return List of supported mainboards, or NULL if an error occurred
*/
struct flashrom_board_info *flashrom_supported_boards(void)
{
#if CONFIG_INTERNAL == 1
int boards_known_size = 0;
int i = 0;
const struct board_info *binfo = boards_known;
while ((binfo++)->vendor)
++boards_known_size;
binfo = boards_known;
/* add place for {0} */
++boards_known_size;
struct flashrom_board_info *supported_boards =
malloc(boards_known_size * sizeof(*supported_boards));
if (supported_boards != NULL) {
for (; i < boards_known_size; ++i) {
supported_boards[i].vendor = binfo[i].vendor;
supported_boards[i].name = binfo[i].name;
supported_boards[i].working =
(enum flashrom_test_state) binfo[i].working;
}
} else {
msg_gerr("Memory allocation error!\n");
}
return supported_boards;
#else
return NULL;
#endif
}
/**
* @brief Returns list of supported chipsets
* @return List of supported chipsets, or NULL if an error occurred
*/
struct flashrom_chipset_info *flashrom_supported_chipsets(void)
{
#if CONFIG_INTERNAL == 1
int chipset_enables_size = 0;
int i = 0;
const struct penable *chipset = chipset_enables;
while ((chipset++)->vendor_name)
++chipset_enables_size;
chipset = chipset_enables;
/* add place for {0}*/
++chipset_enables_size;
struct flashrom_chipset_info *supported_chipsets =
malloc(chipset_enables_size * sizeof(*supported_chipsets));
if (supported_chipsets != NULL) {
for (; i < chipset_enables_size; ++i) {
supported_chipsets[i].vendor = chipset[i].vendor_name;
supported_chipsets[i].chipset = chipset[i].device_name;
supported_chipsets[i].vendor_id = chipset[i].vendor_id;
supported_chipsets[i].chipset_id = chipset[i].device_id;
supported_chipsets[i].status =
(enum flashrom_test_state) chipset[i].status;
}
} else {
msg_gerr("Memory allocation error!\n");
}
return supported_chipsets;
#else
return NULL;
#endif
}
/**
* @brief Frees memory allocated by libflashrom API
* @param Pointer to block of memory which should be freed
* @return 0 on success
*/
int flashrom_data_free(void *const p)
{
free(p);
return 0;
}
/** @} */ /* end flashrom-query */
/**
* @defgroup flashrom-prog Programmers
* @{
*/
/**
* @brief Initialize the specified programmer.
*
* Currently, only one programmer may be initialized at a time.
*
* @param[out] flashprog Points to a pointer of type struct flashrom_programmer
* that will be set if programmer initialization succeeds.
* *flashprog has to be shutdown by the caller with @ref
* flashrom_programmer_shutdown.
* @param[in] prog_name Name of the programmer to initialize.
* @param[in] prog_param Pointer to programmer specific parameters.
* @return 0 on success
*/
int flashrom_programmer_init(struct flashrom_programmer **const flashprog,
const char *const prog_name, const char *const prog_param)
{
unsigned prog;
for (prog = 0; prog < programmer_table_size; prog++) {
if (strcmp(prog_name, programmer_table[prog]->name) == 0)
break;
}
if (prog >= programmer_table_size) {
msg_ginfo("Error: Unknown programmer \"%s\". Valid choices are:\n", prog_name);
list_programmers_linebreak(0, 80, 0);
return 1;
}
return programmer_init(prog, prog_param);
}
/**
* @brief Shut down the initialized programmer.
*
* @param flashprog The programmer to shut down.
* @return 0 on success
*/
int flashrom_programmer_shutdown(struct flashrom_programmer *const flashprog)
{
return programmer_shutdown();
}
/* TODO: flashrom_programmer_capabilities()? */
/** @} */ /* end flashrom-prog */
/**
* @defgroup flashrom-flash Flash chips
* @{
*/
/**
* @brief Probe for a flash chip.
*
* Probes for a flash chip and returns a flash context, that can be used
* later with flash chip and @ref flashrom-ops "image operations", if
* exactly one matching chip is found.
*
* @param[out] flashctx Points to a pointer of type struct flashrom_flashctx
* that will be set if exactly one chip is found. *flashctx
* has to be freed by the caller with @ref flashrom_flash_release.
* @param[in] flashprog The flash programmer used to access the chip.
* @param[in] chip_name Name of a chip to probe for, or NULL to probe for
* all known chips.
* @return 0 on success,
* 3 if multiple chips were found,
* 2 if no chip was found,
* or 1 on any other error.
*/
int flashrom_flash_probe(struct flashrom_flashctx **const flashctx,
const struct flashrom_programmer *const flashprog,
const char *const chip_name)
{
int i, ret = 2;
struct flashrom_flashctx second_flashctx = { 0, };
chip_to_probe = chip_name; /* chip_to_probe is global in flashrom.c */
*flashctx = malloc(sizeof(**flashctx));
if (!*flashctx)
return 1;
memset(*flashctx, 0, sizeof(**flashctx));
for (i = 0; i < registered_master_count; ++i) {
int flash_idx = -1;
if (!ret || (flash_idx = probe_flash(&registered_masters[i], 0, *flashctx, 0)) != -1) {
ret = 0;
/* We found one chip, now check that there is no second match. */
if (probe_flash(&registered_masters[i], flash_idx + 1, &second_flashctx, 0) != -1) {
ret = 3;
break;
}
}
}
if (ret) {
free(*flashctx);
*flashctx = NULL;
}
return ret;
}
/**
* @brief Returns the size of the specified flash chip in bytes.
*
* @param flashctx The queried flash context.
* @return Size of flash chip in bytes.
*/
size_t flashrom_flash_getsize(const struct flashrom_flashctx *const flashctx)
{
return flashctx->chip->total_size * 1024;
}
/**
* @brief Free a flash context.
*
* @param flashctx Flash context to free.
*/
void flashrom_flash_release(struct flashrom_flashctx *const flashctx)
{
free(flashctx);
}
/**
* @brief Set a flag in the given flash context.
*
* @param flashctx Flash context to alter.
* @param flag Flag that is to be set / cleared.
* @param value Value to set.
*/
void flashrom_flag_set(struct flashrom_flashctx *const flashctx,
const enum flashrom_flag flag, const bool value)
{
switch (flag) {
case FLASHROM_FLAG_FORCE: flashctx->flags.force = value; break;
case FLASHROM_FLAG_FORCE_BOARDMISMATCH: flashctx->flags.force_boardmismatch = value; break;
case FLASHROM_FLAG_VERIFY_AFTER_WRITE: flashctx->flags.verify_after_write = value; break;
case FLASHROM_FLAG_VERIFY_WHOLE_CHIP: flashctx->flags.verify_whole_chip = value; break;
}
}
/**
* @brief Return the current value of a flag in the given flash context.
*
* @param flashctx Flash context to read from.
* @param flag Flag to be read.
* @return Current value of the flag.
*/
bool flashrom_flag_get(const struct flashrom_flashctx *const flashctx, const enum flashrom_flag flag)
{
switch (flag) {
case FLASHROM_FLAG_FORCE: return flashctx->flags.force;
case FLASHROM_FLAG_FORCE_BOARDMISMATCH: return flashctx->flags.force_boardmismatch;
case FLASHROM_FLAG_VERIFY_AFTER_WRITE: return flashctx->flags.verify_after_write;
case FLASHROM_FLAG_VERIFY_WHOLE_CHIP: return flashctx->flags.verify_whole_chip;
default: return false;
}
}
/** @} */ /* end flashrom-flash */
/**
* @defgroup flashrom-layout Layout handling
* @{
*/
/**
* @brief Read a layout from the Intel ICH descriptor in the flash.
*
* Optionally verify that the layout matches the one in the given
* descriptor dump.
*
* @param[out] layout Points to a struct flashrom_layout pointer that
* gets set if the descriptor is read and parsed
* successfully.
* @param[in] flashctx Flash context to read the descriptor from flash.
* @param[in] dump The descriptor dump to compare to or NULL.
* @param[in] len The length of the descriptor dump.
*
* @return 0 on success,
* 6 if descriptor parsing isn't implemented for the host,
* 5 if the descriptors don't match,
* 4 if the descriptor dump couldn't be parsed,
* 3 if the descriptor on flash couldn't be parsed,
* 2 if the descriptor on flash couldn't be read,
* 1 on any other error.
*/
int flashrom_layout_read_from_ifd(struct flashrom_layout **const layout, struct flashctx *const flashctx,
const void *const dump, const size_t len)
{
#ifndef __FLASHROM_LITTLE_ENDIAN__
return 6;
#else
struct ich_layout dump_layout;
int ret = 1;
void *const desc = malloc(0x1000);
struct ich_layout *const chip_layout = malloc(sizeof(*chip_layout));
if (!desc || !chip_layout) {
msg_gerr("Out of memory!\n");
goto _free_ret;
}
if (prepare_flash_access(flashctx, true, false, false, false))
goto _free_ret;
msg_cinfo("Reading ich descriptor... ");
if (flashctx->chip->read(flashctx, desc, 0, 0x1000)) {
msg_cerr("Read operation failed!\n");
msg_cinfo("FAILED.\n");
ret = 2;
goto _finalize_ret;
}
msg_cinfo("done.\n");
if (layout_from_ich_descriptors(chip_layout, desc, 0x1000)) {
msg_cerr("Couldn't parse the descriptor!\n");
ret = 3;
goto _finalize_ret;
}
if (dump) {
if (layout_from_ich_descriptors(&dump_layout, dump, len)) {
msg_cerr("Couldn't parse the descriptor!\n");
ret = 4;
goto _finalize_ret;
}
if (chip_layout->base.num_entries != dump_layout.base.num_entries ||
memcmp(chip_layout->entries, dump_layout.entries, sizeof(dump_layout.entries))) {
msg_cerr("Descriptors don't match!\n");
ret = 5;
goto _finalize_ret;
}
}
*layout = (struct flashrom_layout *)chip_layout;
ret = 0;
_finalize_ret:
finalize_flash_access(flashctx);
_free_ret:
if (ret)
free(chip_layout);
free(desc);
return ret;
#endif
}
#ifdef __FLASHROM_LITTLE_ENDIAN__
static int flashrom_layout_parse_fmap(struct flashrom_layout **layout,
struct flashctx *const flashctx, const struct fmap *const fmap)
{
int i;
struct flashrom_layout *l = get_global_layout();
if (!fmap || !l)
return 1;
if (l->num_entries + fmap->nareas > MAX_ROMLAYOUT) {
msg_gerr("Cannot add fmap entries to layout - Too many entries.\n");
return 1;
}
for (i = 0; i < fmap->nareas; i++) {
l->entries[l->num_entries].start = fmap->areas[i].offset;
l->entries[l->num_entries].end = fmap->areas[i].offset + fmap->areas[i].size - 1;
l->entries[l->num_entries].included = false;
l->entries[l->num_entries].name =
strndup((const char *)fmap->areas[i].name, FMAP_STRLEN);
if (!l->entries[l->num_entries].name) {
msg_gerr("Error adding layout entry: %s\n", strerror(errno));
return 1;
}
msg_gdbg("fmap %08x - %08x named %s\n",
l->entries[l->num_entries].start,
l->entries[l->num_entries].end,
l->entries[l->num_entries].name);
l->num_entries++;
}
*layout = l;
return 0;
}
#endif /* __FLASHROM_LITTLE_ENDIAN__ */
/**
* @brief Read a layout by searching the flash chip for fmap.
*
* @param[out] layout Points to a struct flashrom_layout pointer that
* gets set if the fmap is read and parsed successfully.
* @param[in] flashctx Flash context
* @param[in] offset Offset to begin searching for fmap.
* @param[in] offset Length of address space to search.
*
* @return 0 on success,
* 3 if fmap parsing isn't implemented for the host,
* 2 if the fmap couldn't be read,
* 1 on any other error.
*/
int flashrom_layout_read_fmap_from_rom(struct flashrom_layout **const layout,
struct flashctx *const flashctx, off_t offset, size_t len)
{
#ifndef __FLASHROM_LITTLE_ENDIAN__
return 3;
#else
struct fmap *fmap = NULL;
int ret = 0;
msg_gdbg("Attempting to read fmap from ROM content.\n");
if (fmap_read_from_rom(&fmap, flashctx, offset, len)) {
msg_gerr("Failed to read fmap from ROM.\n");
return 1;
}
msg_gdbg("Adding fmap layout to global layout.\n");
if (flashrom_layout_parse_fmap(layout, flashctx, fmap)) {
msg_gerr("Failed to add fmap regions to layout.\n");
ret = 1;
}
free(fmap);
return ret;
#endif
}
/**
* @brief Read a layout by searching buffer for fmap.
*
* @param[out] layout Points to a struct flashrom_layout pointer that
* gets set if the fmap is read and parsed successfully.
* @param[in] flashctx Flash context
* @param[in] buffer Buffer to search in
* @param[in] size Size of buffer to search
*
* @return 0 on success,
* 3 if fmap parsing isn't implemented for the host,
* 2 if the fmap couldn't be read,
* 1 on any other error.
*/
int flashrom_layout_read_fmap_from_buffer(struct flashrom_layout **const layout,
struct flashctx *const flashctx, const uint8_t *const buf, size_t size)
{
#ifndef __FLASHROM_LITTLE_ENDIAN__
return 3;
#else
struct fmap *fmap = NULL;
int ret = 1;
if (!buf || !size)
goto _ret;
msg_gdbg("Attempting to read fmap from buffer.\n");
if (fmap_read_from_buffer(&fmap, buf, size)) {
msg_gerr("Failed to read fmap from buffer.\n");
goto _ret;
}
msg_gdbg("Adding fmap layout to global layout.\n");
if (flashrom_layout_parse_fmap(layout, flashctx, fmap)) {
msg_gerr("Failed to add fmap regions to layout.\n");
goto _free_ret;
}
ret = 0;
_free_ret:
free(fmap);
_ret:
return ret;
#endif
}
/**
* @brief Set the active layout for a flash context.
*
* Note: This just sets a pointer. The caller must not release the layout
* as long as he uses it through the given flash context.
*
* @param flashctx Flash context whose layout will be set.
* @param layout Layout to bet set.
*/
void flashrom_layout_set(struct flashrom_flashctx *const flashctx, const struct flashrom_layout *const layout)
{
flashctx->layout = layout;
}
/** @} */ /* end flashrom-layout */