i2c_helper: Add support for the Linux I2C subsystem

See https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/i2c/ for details.

This creates common interface for I2C access functions, and adds
implementation for linux I2C functions.

BUG=b:148746232
BRANCH=none
TEST=build success

Signed-off-by: Shiyu Sun <sshiyu@chromium.org>
Change-Id: Ie0487824dfb71970bede17f617dbbb30ddf78c12
Reviewed-on: https://review.coreboot.org/c/flashrom/+/39686
Tested-by: Edward O'Callaghan <quasisec@chromium.org>
Reviewed-by: Edward O'Callaghan <quasisec@chromium.org>
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 4c6c4cc..433d8f7 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -418,6 +418,10 @@
 endif
 endif
 
+ifeq ($(TARGET_OS), Linux)
+CONFIG_LINUX_I2C_HELPER = yes
+endif
+
 ###############################################################################
 # General architecture-specific settings.
 # Like above for the OS, below we verify user-supplied options depending on the target architecture.
@@ -1048,6 +1052,11 @@
 PROGRAMMER_OBJS += ni845x_spi.o
 endif
 
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_LINUX_I2C_HELPER), yes)
+LIB_OBJS += i2c_helper_linux.o
+FEATURE_CFLAGS += -D'CONFIG_I2C_SUPPORT=1'
+endif
+
 ifneq ($(NEED_SERIAL), )
 LIB_OBJS += serial.o custom_baud.o
 endif
diff --git a/i2c_helper.h b/i2c_helper.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..599e08b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/i2c_helper.h
@@ -0,0 +1,112 @@
+/*
+ * This file is part of the flashrom project.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 The Chromium OS Authors
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#ifndef I2C_HELPER_H
+#define I2C_HELPER_H
+
+#include <inttypes.h>
+
+/**
+ * An convinent structure that contains the buffer size and the buffer
+ * pointer. Used to wrap buffer details while doing the I2C data
+ * transfer on both input and output. It is the client's responsibility
+ * to use i2c_buffer_t_fill to initialize this struct instead of
+ * trying to construct it directly.
+ */
+typedef struct {
+	void *buf;
+	uint16_t len;
+} i2c_buffer_t;
+
+/**
+ * i2c_buffer_t_fill - fills in the i2c_buffer_t
+ *
+ * @i2c_buf:	pointer to the be constructed.
+ * @buf:	buffer contains data to be included in i2c_buffer_t.
+ * @len:	length of buffer to be included in i2c_buffer_t.
+ *
+ * This function takes in a pointer to an initialized i2c_buffer_t
+ * object with related information, and fill in the i2c_buffer_t with
+ * some validation applied. The function does allow initialization with
+ * NULL buffer but will make sure len == 0 in such case.
+ *
+ * returns 0 on success, <0 to indicate failure
+ */
+static inline int i2c_buffer_t_fill(i2c_buffer_t *i2c_buf, void *buf, uint16_t len)
+{
+	if (!i2c_buf || (!buf && len))
+		return -1;
+
+	i2c_buf->buf = buf;
+	i2c_buf->len = len;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * i2c_open - opens the target I2C device and set the I2C slave address
+ *
+ * @bus:	I2C bus number of the target device.
+ * @addr:	I2C slave address.
+ * @force:	whether to force set the I2C slave address.
+ *
+ * This function returns a file descriptor for the target device. It is
+ * the client's responsibility to pass the return value to i2c_close to
+ * clean up.
+ *
+ * returns fd of target device on success, <0 to indicate failure
+ */
+int i2c_open(int bus, uint16_t addr, int force);
+
+/**
+ * i2c_close - closes the file descriptor returned by i2c_open
+ *
+ * @fd:	file descriptor to be closed.
+ *
+ * It is the client's responsibility to set fd = -1 when it is
+ * done with it.
+ *
+ * returns 0 on success, <0 to indicate failure
+ */
+int i2c_close(int fd);
+
+/**
+ * i2c_read - reads data from the I2C device
+ *
+ * @fd:		file descriptor of the target device.
+ * @addr:	I2C slave address of the target device.
+ * @buf_read:	data struct includes reading buffer and size.
+ *
+ * This function does accept empty read and do nothing on such case.
+ *
+ * returns read length on success, <0 to indicate failure
+ */
+int i2c_read(int fd, uint16_t addr, i2c_buffer_t *buf_read);
+
+/**
+ * i2c_write - writes command/data into the I2C device
+ *
+ * @fd:		file descriptor of the target device.
+ * @addr:	I2C slave address of the target device.
+ * @buf_write:	data struct includes writting buffer and size.
+ *
+ * This function does accept empty write and do nothing on such case.
+ *
+ * returns wrote length on success, <0 to indicate failure.
+ */
+int i2c_write(int fd, uint16_t addr, const i2c_buffer_t *buf_write);
+
+#endif /* !I2C_HELPER_H */
diff --git a/i2c_helper_linux.c b/i2c_helper_linux.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0703518
--- /dev/null
+++ b/i2c_helper_linux.c
@@ -0,0 +1,113 @@
+/*
+ * This file is part of the flashrom project.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 The Chromium OS Authors
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <sys/fcntl.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/i2c-dev.h>
+
+#include "flash.h"
+#include "i2c_helper.h"
+
+#define I2C_DEV_PREFIX	"/dev/i2c-"
+#define I2C_MAX_BUS	255
+
+int i2c_close(int fd)
+{
+	return fd == -1 ? 0 : close(fd);
+}
+
+int i2c_open(int bus, uint16_t addr, int force)
+{
+	int ret = -1;
+	int fd = -1;
+
+	/* Maximum i2c bus number is 255(3 char), +1 for null terminated string. */
+	int path_len = strlen(I2C_DEV_PREFIX) + 4;
+	int request = force ? I2C_SLAVE_FORCE : I2C_SLAVE;
+
+	if (bus < 0 || bus > I2C_MAX_BUS) {
+		msg_perr("Invalid I2C bus %d.\n", bus);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	char *dev = calloc(1, path_len);
+	if (!dev) {
+		msg_perr("Unable to allocate space for device name of len %d: %s.\n",
+			path_len, strerror(errno));
+		goto linux_i2c_open_err;
+	}
+
+	ret = snprintf(dev, path_len, "%s%d", I2C_DEV_PREFIX, bus);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		msg_perr("Unable to join bus number to device name: %s.\n", strerror(errno));
+		goto linux_i2c_open_err;
+	}
+
+	fd = open(dev, O_RDWR);
+	if (fd < 0) {
+		msg_perr("Unable to open I2C device %s: %s.\n", dev, strerror(errno));
+		ret = fd;
+		goto linux_i2c_open_err;
+	}
+
+	ret = ioctl(fd, request, addr);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		msg_perr("Unable to set I2C slave address to 0x%02x: %s.\n", addr, strerror(errno));
+		i2c_close(fd);
+		goto linux_i2c_open_err;
+	}
+
+linux_i2c_open_err:
+	if (dev)
+		free(dev);
+
+	return ret ? ret : fd;
+}
+
+int i2c_read(int fd, uint16_t addr, i2c_buffer_t *buf)
+{
+	if (buf->len == 0)
+		return 0;
+
+	int ret = ioctl(fd, I2C_SLAVE, addr);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		msg_perr("Unable to set I2C slave address to 0x%02x: %s.\n", addr, strerror(errno));
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	return read(fd, buf->buf, buf->len);
+}
+
+int i2c_write(int fd, uint16_t addr, const i2c_buffer_t *buf)
+{
+	if (buf->len == 0)
+		return 0;
+
+	int ret = ioctl(fd, I2C_SLAVE, addr);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		msg_perr("Unable to set I2C slave address to 0x%02x: %s.\n", addr, strerror(errno));
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	return write(fd, buf->buf, buf->len);
+}
diff --git a/meson.build b/meson.build
index 8bb3e65..b847c63 100644
--- a/meson.build
+++ b/meson.build
@@ -290,6 +290,11 @@
   cargs += '-DCONFIG_BITBANG_SPI=1'
 endif
 
+if host_machine.system() == 'linux'
+  srcs += 'i2c_helper_linux.c'
+  cargs += '-DCONFIG_I2C_SUPPORT=1'
+endif
+
 # raw memory, MSR or PCI port I/O access
 if need_raw_access
   srcs += 'hwaccess.c'