Add SPI multicommand infrastructure

Some SPI opcodes need to be sent in direct succession after each other
without any chip deselect happening in between. A prominent example is
WREN (Write Enable) directly before PP (Page Program). Intel calls the
first opcode in such a row "preopcode".

Right now, we ignore the direct succession requirement completely and it
works pretty well because most onboard SPI masters have a timing or
heuristics which make the problem disappear.
The FT2232 SPI flasher is different. Since it is an external flasher,
timing is very different to what we can expect from onboard flashers and
this leads to failure at slow speeds.

This patch allows any function to submit multiple SPI commands in a
stream to any flasher. Support in the individual flashers isn't
implemented yet, so there is one generic function which passes the each
command in the stream one-by-one to the command functions of the
selected SPI flash driver.

Tested-by: Jakob Bornecrantz <>

Corresponding to flashrom svn r645.

Signed-off-by: Carl-Daniel Hailfinger <>
Acked-by: Jakob Bornecrantz <>
8 files changed