blob: 115876e880abc767d2bd9cde93a338b7170fb749 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* This file is part of the flashrom project.
*
* Copyright (C) 2012 James Laird <jhl@mafipulation.org>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*/
/*
* Device should be connected as per "active serial" mode:
*
* +---------+------+-----------+
* | SPI | Pin | Altera |
* +---------+------+-----------+
* | SCLK | 1 | DCLK |
* | GND | 2,10 | GND |
* | VCC | 4 | VCC(TRGT) |
* | MISO | 7 | DATAOUT |
* | /CS | 8 | nCS |
* | MOSI | 9 | ASDI |
* +---------+------+-----------+
*
* See also the USB-Blaster Download Cable User Guide: http://www.altera.com/literature/ug/ug_usb_blstr.pdf
*/
#if CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI == 1
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <ftdi.h>
#include "flash.h"
#include "programmer.h"
#include "spi.h"
/* Please keep sorted by vendor ID, then device ID. */
#define ALTERA_VID 0x09fb
#define ALTERA_USBBLASTER_PID 0x6001
const struct dev_entry devs_usbblasterspi[] = {
{ALTERA_VID, ALTERA_USBBLASTER_PID, OK, "Altera", "USB-Blaster"},
{0}
};
struct usbblaster_spi_data {
struct ftdi_context ftdic;
};
// command bytes
#define BIT_BYTE (1<<7) // byte mode (rather than bitbang)
#define BIT_READ (1<<6) // read request
#define BIT_LED (1<<5)
#define BIT_CS (1<<3)
#define BIT_TMS (1<<1)
#define BIT_CLK (1<<0)
#define BUF_SIZE 64
/* The programmer shifts bits in the wrong order for SPI, so we use this method to reverse the bits when needed.
* http://graphics.stanford.edu/~seander/bithacks.html#ReverseByteWith32Bits */
static uint8_t reverse(uint8_t b)
{
return ((b * 0x0802LU & 0x22110LU) | (b * 0x8020LU & 0x88440LU)) * 0x10101LU >> 16;
}
static int send_write(unsigned int writecnt, const unsigned char *writearr, struct ftdi_context ftdic)
{
uint8_t buf[BUF_SIZE];
memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
while (writecnt) {
unsigned int i;
unsigned int n_write = min(writecnt, BUF_SIZE - 1);
msg_pspew("writing %d-byte packet\n", n_write);
buf[0] = BIT_BYTE | (uint8_t)n_write;
for (i = 0; i < n_write; i++) {
buf[i+1] = reverse(writearr[i]);
}
if (ftdi_write_data(&ftdic, buf, n_write + 1) < 0) {
msg_perr("USB-Blaster write failed\n");
return -1;
}
writearr += n_write;
writecnt -= n_write;
}
return 0;
}
static int send_read(unsigned int readcnt, unsigned char *readarr, struct ftdi_context ftdic)
{
int i;
unsigned int n_read;
uint8_t buf[BUF_SIZE];
memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
n_read = readcnt;
while (n_read) {
unsigned int payload_size = min(n_read, BUF_SIZE - 1);
msg_pspew("reading %d-byte packet\n", payload_size);
buf[0] = BIT_BYTE | BIT_READ | (uint8_t)payload_size;
if (ftdi_write_data(&ftdic, buf, payload_size + 1) < 0) {
msg_perr("USB-Blaster write failed\n");
return -1;
}
n_read -= payload_size;
}
n_read = readcnt;
while (n_read) {
int ret = ftdi_read_data(&ftdic, readarr, n_read);
if (ret < 0) {
msg_perr("USB-Blaster read failed\n");
return -1;
}
for (i = 0; i < ret; i++) {
readarr[i] = reverse(readarr[i]);
}
n_read -= ret;
readarr += ret;
}
return 0;
}
/* Returns 0 upon success, a negative number upon errors. */
static int usbblaster_spi_send_command(const struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int writecnt, unsigned int readcnt,
const unsigned char *writearr, unsigned char *readarr)
{
struct usbblaster_spi_data *usbblaster_data = flash->mst->spi.data;
uint8_t cmd;
int ret = 0;
cmd = BIT_LED; // asserts /CS
if (ftdi_write_data(&usbblaster_data->ftdic, &cmd, 1) < 0) {
msg_perr("USB-Blaster enable chip select failed\n");
ret = -1;
}
if (!ret && writecnt)
ret = send_write(writecnt, writearr, usbblaster_data->ftdic);
if (!ret && readcnt)
ret = send_read(readcnt, readarr, usbblaster_data->ftdic);
cmd = BIT_CS;
if (ftdi_write_data(&usbblaster_data->ftdic, &cmd, 1) < 0) {
msg_perr("USB-Blaster disable chip select failed\n");
ret = -1;
}
return ret;
}
static int usbblaster_shutdown(void *data)
{
free(data);
return 0;
}
static const struct spi_master spi_master_usbblaster = {
.max_data_read = 256,
.max_data_write = 256,
.command = usbblaster_spi_send_command,
.multicommand = default_spi_send_multicommand,
.read = default_spi_read,
.write_256 = default_spi_write_256,
.write_aai = default_spi_write_aai,
};
/* Returns 0 upon success, a negative number upon errors. */
int usbblaster_spi_init(void)
{
uint8_t buf[BUF_SIZE + 1];
struct ftdi_context ftdic;
struct usbblaster_spi_data *usbblaster_data;
if (ftdi_init(&ftdic) < 0)
return -1;
if (ftdi_usb_open(&ftdic, ALTERA_VID, ALTERA_USBBLASTER_PID) < 0) {
msg_perr("Failed to open USB-Blaster: %s\n", ftdic.error_str);
return -1;
}
if (ftdi_usb_reset(&ftdic) < 0) {
msg_perr("USB-Blaster reset failed\n");
return -1;
}
if (ftdi_set_latency_timer(&ftdic, 2) < 0) {
msg_perr("USB-Blaster set latency timer failed\n");
return -1;
}
if (ftdi_write_data_set_chunksize(&ftdic, 4096) < 0 ||
ftdi_read_data_set_chunksize(&ftdic, BUF_SIZE) < 0) {
msg_perr("USB-Blaster set chunk size failed\n");
return -1;
}
memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
buf[sizeof(buf)-1] = BIT_LED | BIT_CS;
if (ftdi_write_data(&ftdic, buf, sizeof(buf)) < 0) {
msg_perr("USB-Blaster reset write failed\n");
return -1;
}
if (ftdi_read_data(&ftdic, buf, sizeof(buf)) < 0) {
msg_perr("USB-Blaster reset read failed\n");
return -1;
}
usbblaster_data = calloc(1, sizeof(*usbblaster_data));
if (!usbblaster_data) {
msg_perr("Unable to allocate space for SPI master data\n");
return -1;
}
usbblaster_data->ftdic = ftdic;
if (register_shutdown(usbblaster_shutdown, usbblaster_data)) {
free(usbblaster_data);
return -1;
}
register_spi_master(&spi_master_usbblaster, usbblaster_data);
return 0;
}
#endif