blob: 5dff904da1e7ac1c6c6e448227d6147d6bb51fdf [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* This file is part of the flashrom project.
*
* Copyright (C) 2000 Silicon Integrated System Corporation
* Copyright (C) 2004 Tyan Corp <yhlu@tyan.com>
* Copyright (C) 2005-2008 coresystems GmbH
* Copyright (C) 2008,2009,2010 Carl-Daniel Hailfinger
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include "flash.h"
#include "flashchips.h"
#include "fmap.h"
#include "programmer.h"
#include "libflashrom.h"
static void cli_classic_usage(const char *name)
{
printf("Usage: %s [-h|-R|-L|"
#if CONFIG_PRINT_WIKI == 1
"-z|"
#endif
"-p <programmername>[:<parameters>] [-c <chipname>]\n"
"[-E|(-r|-w|-v) <file>] [(-l <layoutfile>|--ifd) [-i <imagename>]...] [-n] [-N] [-f]]\n"
"[-V[V[V]]] [-o <logfile>]\n\n", name);
printf(" -h | --help print this help text\n"
" -R | --version print version (release)\n"
" -r | --read <file> read flash and save to <file>\n"
" -w | --write <file> write <file> to flash\n"
" -v | --verify <file> verify flash against <file>\n"
" -E | --erase erase flash memory\n"
" -V | --verbose more verbose output\n"
" -c | --chip <chipname> probe only for specified flash chip\n"
" -f | --force force specific operations (see man page)\n"
" -n | --noverify don't auto-verify\n"
" -N | --noverify-all verify included regions only (cf. -i)\n"
" -l | --layout <layoutfile> read ROM layout from <layoutfile>\n"
" --flash-name read out the detected flash name\n"
" --fmap read ROM layout from fmap embedded in ROM\n"
" --fmap-file <fmapfile> read ROM layout from fmap in <fmapfile>\n"
" --ifd read layout from an Intel Firmware Descriptor\n"
" -i | --image <name> only flash image <name> from flash layout\n"
" -o | --output <logfile> log output to <logfile>\n"
" --flash-contents <ref-file> assume flash contents to be <ref-file>\n"
" -L | --list-supported print supported devices\n"
#if CONFIG_PRINT_WIKI == 1
" -z | --list-supported-wiki print supported devices in wiki syntax\n"
#endif
" -p | --programmer <name>[:<param>] specify the programmer device. One of\n");
list_programmers_linebreak(4, 80, 0);
printf(".\n\nYou can specify one of -h, -R, -L, "
#if CONFIG_PRINT_WIKI == 1
"-z, "
#endif
"-E, -r, -w, -v or no operation.\n"
"If no operation is specified, flashrom will only probe for flash chips.\n");
}
static void cli_classic_abort_usage(void)
{
printf("Please run \"flashrom --help\" for usage info.\n");
exit(1);
}
static int check_filename(char *filename, char *type)
{
if (!filename || (filename[0] == '\0')) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: No %s file specified.\n", type);
return 1;
}
/* Not an error, but maybe the user intended to specify a CLI option instead of a file name. */
if (filename[0] == '-')
fprintf(stderr, "Warning: Supplied %s file name starts with -\n", type);
return 0;
}
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
const struct flashchip *chip = NULL;
/* Probe for up to eight flash chips. */
struct flashctx flashes[8] = {{0}};
struct flashctx *fill_flash;
const char *name;
int namelen, opt, i, j;
int startchip = -1, chipcount = 0, option_index = 0, force = 0, ifd = 0, fmap = 0;
#if CONFIG_PRINT_WIKI == 1
int list_supported_wiki = 0;
#endif
int flash_name = 0;
int read_it = 0, write_it = 0, erase_it = 0, verify_it = 0;
int dont_verify_it = 0, dont_verify_all = 0, list_supported = 0, operation_specified = 0;
struct flashrom_layout *layout = NULL;
enum programmer prog = PROGRAMMER_INVALID;
enum {
OPTION_IFD = 0x0100,
OPTION_FMAP,
OPTION_FMAP_FILE,
OPTION_FLASH_CONTENTS,
OPTION_FLASH_NAME,
};
int ret = 0;
static const char optstring[] = "r:Rw:v:nNVEfc:l:i:p:Lzho:";
static const struct option long_options[] = {
{"read", 1, NULL, 'r'},
{"write", 1, NULL, 'w'},
{"erase", 0, NULL, 'E'},
{"verify", 1, NULL, 'v'},
{"noverify", 0, NULL, 'n'},
{"noverify-all", 0, NULL, 'N'},
{"chip", 1, NULL, 'c'},
{"verbose", 0, NULL, 'V'},
{"force", 0, NULL, 'f'},
{"layout", 1, NULL, 'l'},
{"ifd", 0, NULL, OPTION_IFD},
{"fmap", 0, NULL, OPTION_FMAP},
{"fmap-file", 1, NULL, OPTION_FMAP_FILE},
{"image", 1, NULL, 'i'},
{"flash-contents", 1, NULL, OPTION_FLASH_CONTENTS},
{"flash-name", 0, NULL, OPTION_FLASH_NAME},
{"list-supported", 0, NULL, 'L'},
{"list-supported-wiki", 0, NULL, 'z'},
{"programmer", 1, NULL, 'p'},
{"help", 0, NULL, 'h'},
{"version", 0, NULL, 'R'},
{"output", 1, NULL, 'o'},
{NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
};
char *filename = NULL;
char *referencefile = NULL;
char *layoutfile = NULL;
char *fmapfile = NULL;
#ifndef STANDALONE
char *logfile = NULL;
#endif /* !STANDALONE */
char *tempstr = NULL;
char *pparam = NULL;
struct layout_include_args *include_args = NULL;
flashrom_set_log_callback((flashrom_log_callback *)&flashrom_print_cb);
print_version();
print_banner();
if (selfcheck())
exit(1);
setbuf(stdout, NULL);
/* FIXME: Delay all operation_specified checks until after command
* line parsing to allow --help overriding everything else.
*/
while ((opt = getopt_long(argc, argv, optstring,
long_options, &option_index)) != EOF) {
switch (opt) {
case 'r':
if (++operation_specified > 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "More than one operation "
"specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
filename = strdup(optarg);
read_it = 1;
break;
case 'w':
if (++operation_specified > 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "More than one operation "
"specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
filename = strdup(optarg);
write_it = 1;
break;
case 'v':
//FIXME: gracefully handle superfluous -v
if (++operation_specified > 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "More than one operation "
"specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
if (dont_verify_it) {
fprintf(stderr, "--verify and --noverify are mutually exclusive. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
filename = strdup(optarg);
verify_it = 1;
break;
case 'n':
if (verify_it) {
fprintf(stderr, "--verify and --noverify are mutually exclusive. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
dont_verify_it = 1;
break;
case 'N':
dont_verify_all = 1;
break;
case 'c':
chip_to_probe = strdup(optarg);
break;
case 'V':
verbose_screen++;
if (verbose_screen > FLASHROM_MSG_DEBUG2)
verbose_logfile = verbose_screen;
break;
case 'E':
if (++operation_specified > 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "More than one operation "
"specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
erase_it = 1;
break;
case 'f':
force = 1;
break;
case 'l':
if (layoutfile) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: --layout specified "
"more than once. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
if (ifd) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: --layout and --ifd both specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
if (fmap) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: --layout and --fmap-file both specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
layoutfile = strdup(optarg);
break;
case OPTION_IFD:
if (layoutfile) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: --layout and --ifd both specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
if (fmap) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: --fmap-file and --ifd both specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
ifd = 1;
break;
case OPTION_FMAP_FILE:
if (fmap) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: --fmap or --fmap-file specified "
"more than once. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
if (ifd) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: --fmap-file and --ifd both specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
if (layoutfile) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: --fmap-file and --layout both specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
fmapfile = strdup(optarg);
fmap = 1;
break;
case OPTION_FMAP:
if (fmap) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: --fmap or --fmap-file specified "
"more than once. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
if (ifd) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: --fmap and --ifd both specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
if (layoutfile) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: --layout and --fmap both specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
fmap = 1;
break;
case 'i':
tempstr = strdup(optarg);
if (register_include_arg(&include_args, tempstr)) {
free(tempstr);
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
break;
case OPTION_FLASH_CONTENTS:
referencefile = strdup(optarg);
break;
case OPTION_FLASH_NAME:
if (++operation_specified > 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "More than one operation "
"specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
flash_name = 1;
break;
case 'L':
if (++operation_specified > 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "More than one operation "
"specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
list_supported = 1;
break;
case 'z':
#if CONFIG_PRINT_WIKI == 1
if (++operation_specified > 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "More than one operation "
"specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
list_supported_wiki = 1;
#else
fprintf(stderr, "Error: Wiki output was not compiled "
"in. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
#endif
break;
case 'p':
if (prog != PROGRAMMER_INVALID) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: --programmer specified "
"more than once. You can separate "
"multiple\nparameters for a programmer "
"with \",\". Please see the man page "
"for details.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
for (prog = 0; prog < PROGRAMMER_INVALID; prog++) {
name = programmer_table[prog].name;
namelen = strlen(name);
if (strncmp(optarg, name, namelen) == 0) {
switch (optarg[namelen]) {
case ':':
pparam = strdup(optarg + namelen + 1);
if (!strlen(pparam)) {
free(pparam);
pparam = NULL;
}
break;
case '\0':
break;
default:
/* The continue refers to the
* for loop. It is here to be
* able to differentiate between
* foo and foobar.
*/
continue;
}
break;
}
}
if (prog == PROGRAMMER_INVALID) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: Unknown programmer \"%s\". Valid choices are:\n",
optarg);
list_programmers_linebreak(0, 80, 0);
msg_ginfo(".\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
break;
case 'R':
/* print_version() is always called during startup. */
if (++operation_specified > 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "More than one operation "
"specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
exit(0);
break;
case 'h':
if (++operation_specified > 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "More than one operation "
"specified. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
cli_classic_usage(argv[0]);
exit(0);
break;
case 'o':
#ifdef STANDALONE
fprintf(stderr, "Log file not supported in standalone mode. Aborting.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
#else /* STANDALONE */
if (logfile) {
fprintf(stderr, "Warning: -o/--output specified multiple times.\n");
free(logfile);
}
logfile = strdup(optarg);
if (logfile[0] == '\0') {
fprintf(stderr, "No log filename specified.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
#endif /* STANDALONE */
break;
default:
cli_classic_abort_usage();
break;
}
}
if (optind < argc) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: Extra parameter found.\n");
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
if ((read_it | write_it | verify_it) && check_filename(filename, "image")) {
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
if (layoutfile && check_filename(layoutfile, "layout")) {
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
if (fmapfile && check_filename(fmapfile, "fmap")) {
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
if (referencefile && check_filename(referencefile, "reference")) {
cli_classic_abort_usage();
}
#ifndef STANDALONE
if (logfile && check_filename(logfile, "log"))
cli_classic_abort_usage();
if (logfile && open_logfile(logfile))
cli_classic_abort_usage();
#endif /* !STANDALONE */
#if CONFIG_PRINT_WIKI == 1
if (list_supported_wiki) {
print_supported_wiki();
goto out;
}
#endif
if (list_supported) {
if (print_supported())
ret = 1;
goto out;
}
#ifndef STANDALONE
start_logging();
#endif /* !STANDALONE */
print_buildinfo();
msg_gdbg("Command line (%i args):", argc - 1);
for (i = 0; i < argc; i++) {
msg_gdbg(" %s", argv[i]);
}
msg_gdbg("\n");
if (layoutfile && read_romlayout(layoutfile)) {
ret = 1;
goto out;
}
if (!ifd && !fmap && process_include_args(get_global_layout(), include_args)) {
ret = 1;
goto out;
}
/* Does a chip with the requested name exist in the flashchips array? */
if (chip_to_probe) {
for (chip = flashchips; chip && chip->name; chip++)
if (!strcmp(chip->name, chip_to_probe))
break;
if (!chip || !chip->name) {
msg_cerr("Error: Unknown chip '%s' specified.\n", chip_to_probe);
msg_gerr("Run flashrom -L to view the hardware supported in this flashrom version.\n");
ret = 1;
goto out;
}
/* Keep chip around for later usage in case a forced read is requested. */
}
if (prog == PROGRAMMER_INVALID) {
if (CONFIG_DEFAULT_PROGRAMMER != PROGRAMMER_INVALID) {
prog = CONFIG_DEFAULT_PROGRAMMER;
/* We need to strdup here because we free(pparam) unconditionally later. */
pparam = strdup(CONFIG_DEFAULT_PROGRAMMER_ARGS);
msg_pinfo("Using default programmer \"%s\" with arguments \"%s\".\n",
programmer_table[CONFIG_DEFAULT_PROGRAMMER].name, pparam);
} else {
msg_perr("Please select a programmer with the --programmer parameter.\n"
#if CONFIG_INTERNAL == 1
"To choose the mainboard of this computer use 'internal'. "
#endif
"Valid choices are:\n");
list_programmers_linebreak(0, 80, 0);
msg_ginfo(".\n");
ret = 1;
goto out;
}
}
/* FIXME: Delay calibration should happen in programmer code. */
myusec_calibrate_delay();
if (programmer_init(prog, pparam)) {
msg_perr("Error: Programmer initialization failed.\n");
ret = 1;
goto out_shutdown;
}
tempstr = flashbuses_to_text(get_buses_supported());
msg_pdbg("The following protocols are supported: %s.\n", tempstr);
free(tempstr);
for (j = 0; j < registered_master_count; j++) {
startchip = 0;
while (chipcount < (int)ARRAY_SIZE(flashes)) {
startchip = probe_flash(&registered_masters[j], startchip, &flashes[chipcount], 0);
if (startchip == -1)
break;
chipcount++;
startchip++;
}
}
if (chipcount > 1) {
msg_cinfo("Multiple flash chip definitions match the detected chip(s): \"%s\"",
flashes[0].chip->name);
for (i = 1; i < chipcount; i++)
msg_cinfo(", \"%s\"", flashes[i].chip->name);
msg_cinfo("\nPlease specify which chip definition to use with the -c <chipname> option.\n");
ret = 1;
goto out_shutdown;
} else if (!chipcount) {
msg_cinfo("No EEPROM/flash device found.\n");
if (!force || !chip_to_probe) {
msg_cinfo("Note: flashrom can never write if the flash chip isn't found "
"automatically.\n");
}
if (force && read_it && chip_to_probe) {
struct registered_master *mst;
int compatible_masters = 0;
msg_cinfo("Force read (-f -r -c) requested, pretending the chip is there:\n");
/* This loop just counts compatible controllers. */
for (j = 0; j < registered_master_count; j++) {
mst = &registered_masters[j];
/* chip is still set from the chip_to_probe earlier in this function. */
if (mst->buses_supported & chip->bustype)
compatible_masters++;
}
if (!compatible_masters) {
msg_cinfo("No compatible controller found for the requested flash chip.\n");
ret = 1;
goto out_shutdown;
}
if (compatible_masters > 1)
msg_cinfo("More than one compatible controller found for the requested flash "
"chip, using the first one.\n");
for (j = 0; j < registered_master_count; j++) {
mst = &registered_masters[j];
startchip = probe_flash(mst, 0, &flashes[0], 1);
if (startchip != -1)
break;
}
if (startchip == -1) {
// FIXME: This should never happen! Ask for a bug report?
msg_cinfo("Probing for flash chip '%s' failed.\n", chip_to_probe);
ret = 1;
goto out_shutdown;
}
if (map_flash(&flashes[0]) != 0) {
free(flashes[0].chip);
ret = 1;
goto out_shutdown;
}
msg_cinfo("Please note that forced reads most likely contain garbage.\n");
ret = read_flash_to_file(&flashes[0], filename);
unmap_flash(&flashes[0]);
free(flashes[0].chip);
goto out_shutdown;
}
ret = 1;
goto out_shutdown;
} else if (!chip_to_probe) {
/* repeat for convenience when looking at foreign logs */
tempstr = flashbuses_to_text(flashes[0].chip->bustype);
msg_gdbg("Found %s flash chip \"%s\" (%d kB, %s).\n",
flashes[0].chip->vendor, flashes[0].chip->name, flashes[0].chip->total_size, tempstr);
free(tempstr);
}
fill_flash = &flashes[0];
print_chip_support_status(fill_flash->chip);
unsigned int limitexceeded = count_max_decode_exceedings(fill_flash);
if (limitexceeded > 0 && !force) {
enum chipbustype commonbuses = fill_flash->mst->buses_supported & fill_flash->chip->bustype;
/* Sometimes chip and programmer have more than one bus in common,
* and the limit is not exceeded on all buses. Tell the user. */
if ((bitcount(commonbuses) > limitexceeded)) {
msg_pdbg("There is at least one interface available which could support the size of\n"
"the selected flash chip.\n");
}
msg_cerr("This flash chip is too big for this programmer (--verbose/-V gives details).\n"
"Use --force/-f to override at your own risk.\n");
ret = 1;
goto out_shutdown;
}
if (!(read_it | write_it | verify_it | erase_it | flash_name)) {
msg_ginfo("No operations were specified.\n");
goto out_shutdown;
}
if (flash_name) {
if (fill_flash->chip->vendor && fill_flash->chip->name) {
printf("vendor=\"%s\" name=\"%s\"\n",
fill_flash->chip->vendor,
fill_flash->chip->name);
} else {
ret = -1;
}
goto out_shutdown;
}
if (layoutfile) {
layout = get_global_layout();
} else if (ifd && (flashrom_layout_read_from_ifd(&layout, fill_flash, NULL, 0) ||
process_include_args(layout, include_args))) {
ret = 1;
goto out_shutdown;
} else if (fmap && fmapfile) {
struct stat s;
if (stat(fmapfile, &s) != 0) {
msg_gerr("Failed to stat fmapfile \"%s\"\n", fmapfile);
ret = 1;
goto out_shutdown;
}
size_t fmapfile_size = s.st_size;
uint8_t *fmapfile_buffer = malloc(fmapfile_size);
if (!fmapfile_buffer) {
ret = 1;
goto out_shutdown;
}
if (read_buf_from_file(fmapfile_buffer, fmapfile_size, fmapfile)) {
ret = 1;
free(fmapfile_buffer);
goto out_shutdown;
}
if (flashrom_layout_read_fmap_from_buffer(&layout, fill_flash, fmapfile_buffer, fmapfile_size) ||
process_include_args(layout, include_args)) {
ret = 1;
free(fmapfile_buffer);
goto out_shutdown;
}
free(fmapfile_buffer);
} else if (fmap && (flashrom_layout_read_fmap_from_rom(&layout, fill_flash, 0,
fill_flash->chip->total_size * 1024) || process_include_args(layout, include_args))) {
ret = 1;
goto out_shutdown;
}
flashrom_layout_set(fill_flash, layout);
flashrom_flag_set(fill_flash, FLASHROM_FLAG_FORCE, !!force);
#if CONFIG_INTERNAL == 1
flashrom_flag_set(fill_flash, FLASHROM_FLAG_FORCE_BOARDMISMATCH, !!force_boardmismatch);
#endif
flashrom_flag_set(fill_flash, FLASHROM_FLAG_VERIFY_AFTER_WRITE, !dont_verify_it);
flashrom_flag_set(fill_flash, FLASHROM_FLAG_VERIFY_WHOLE_CHIP, !dont_verify_all);
/* FIXME: We should issue an unconditional chip reset here. This can be
* done once we have a .reset function in struct flashchip.
* Give the chip time to settle.
*/
programmer_delay(100000);
if (read_it)
ret = do_read(fill_flash, filename);
else if (erase_it)
ret = do_erase(fill_flash);
else if (write_it)
ret = do_write(fill_flash, filename, referencefile);
else if (verify_it)
ret = do_verify(fill_flash, filename);
flashrom_layout_release(layout);
out_shutdown:
programmer_shutdown();
out:
for (i = 0; i < chipcount; i++)
free(flashes[i].chip);
layout_cleanup(&include_args);
free(filename);
free(fmapfile);
free(referencefile);
free(layoutfile);
free(pparam);
/* clean up global variables */
free((char *)chip_to_probe); /* Silence! Freeing is not modifying contents. */
chip_to_probe = NULL;
#ifndef STANDALONE
free(logfile);
ret |= close_logfile();
#endif /* !STANDALONE */
return ret;
}