* Simplify acpi_add_table
* fix some comments
* Simplify ACPI wakeup code and make it work without a memory hole
* Add resume entries to global GDT so we don't need our own for resume.
* add ECDT description to acpi.h for anyone who might need it  ;-) 
* remove rather stupid math to get the right number of MAX_ACPI_TABLES
  and just define a reasonable maximum for now.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Reinauer <stepan@coresystems.de>
Acked-by: Rudolf Marek <r.marek@assembler.cz>



git-svn-id: svn://svn.coreboot.org/coreboot/trunk@4932 2b7e53f0-3cfb-0310-b3e9-8179ed1497e1
diff --git a/src/arch/i386/boot/acpi.c b/src/arch/i386/boot/acpi.c
index 928a49f..beef891 100644
--- a/src/arch/i386/boot/acpi.c
+++ b/src/arch/i386/boot/acpi.c
@@ -18,7 +18,8 @@
  *   write_acpi_tables()
  *   acpi_dump_apics()
  *   
- * See AMD Solo, Island Aruma or Via Epia-M port for more details.
+ * See Kontron 986LCD-M port for a good example of an ACPI implementation
+ * in coreboot.
  */
 
 #include <console/console.h>
@@ -26,6 +27,7 @@
 #include <arch/acpi.h>
 #include <arch/acpigen.h>
 #include <device/pci.h>
+#include <cbmem.h>
 
 u8 acpi_checksum(u8 *table, u32 length)
 {
@@ -37,54 +39,67 @@
 	return -ret;
 }
 
-/*
- * add an acpi table to rsdt structure, and recalculate checksum
+/**
+ * Add an ACPI table to the RSDT (and XSDT) structure, recalculate length and checksum
  */
 
 void acpi_add_table(acpi_rsdp_t *rsdp, void *table)
 {
-	int i;
+	int i, entries_num;
 	acpi_rsdt_t *rsdt;
 	acpi_xsdt_t *xsdt = NULL;
 
+	/* The RSDT is mandatory ... */
 	rsdt = (acpi_rsdt_t *)rsdp->rsdt_address;
+
+	/* ... while the XSDT is not */
 	if (rsdp->xsdt_address) {
 		xsdt = (acpi_xsdt_t *)((u32)rsdp->xsdt_address);
 	}
 	
-	int entries_num = ARRAY_SIZE(rsdt->entry);
+	/* This should always be MAX_ACPI_TABLES */
+	entries_num = ARRAY_SIZE(rsdt->entry);
 	
-	for (i=0; i<entries_num; i++) {
-		if(rsdt->entry[i]==0) {
-			rsdt->entry[i]=(u32)table;
-			/* fix length to stop kernel whining about invalid entries */
-			rsdt->header.length = sizeof(acpi_header_t) + (sizeof(u32) * (i+1));
-			/* fix checksum */
-			/* hope this won't get optimized away */
-			rsdt->header.checksum=0;
-			rsdt->header.checksum=acpi_checksum((u8 *)rsdt,
-					rsdt->header.length);
-
-			/* And now the same thing for the XSDT. We use the same
-			 * index as we want the XSDT and RSDT to always be in
-			 * sync in coreboot.
-			 */
-			if (xsdt) {
-				xsdt->entry[i]=(u64)(u32)table;
-				xsdt->header.length = sizeof(acpi_header_t) +
-					(sizeof(u64) * (i+1));
-				xsdt->header.checksum=0;
-				xsdt->header.checksum=acpi_checksum((u8 *)xsdt,
-						xsdt->header.length);
-			}
-			
-			printk_debug("ACPI: added table %d/%d Length now %d\n",
-					i+1, entries_num, rsdt->header.length);
-			return;
-		}
+	for (i = 0; i < entries_num; i++) {
+		if(rsdt->entry[i] == 0)
+			break;
 	}
 
-	printk_err("ACPI: Error: Could not add ACPI table, too many tables.\n");
+	if (i >= entries_num) {
+		printk_err("ACPI: Error: Could not add ACPI table, too many tables.\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/* Add table to the RSDT */
+	rsdt->entry[i] = (u32)table;
+
+	/* Fix RSDT length or the kernel will assume invalid entries */
+	rsdt->header.length = sizeof(acpi_header_t) + (sizeof(u32) * (i+1));
+
+	/* Re-calculate checksum */
+	rsdt->header.checksum = 0; /* Hope this won't get optimized away */
+	rsdt->header.checksum = acpi_checksum((u8 *)rsdt,
+			rsdt->header.length);
+
+	/* And now the same thing for the XSDT. We use the same index as for
+	 * now we want the XSDT and RSDT to always be in sync in coreboot.
+	 */
+	if (xsdt) {
+		/* Add table to the XSDT */
+		xsdt->entry[i]=(u64)(u32)table;
+
+		/* Fix XSDT length */
+		xsdt->header.length = sizeof(acpi_header_t) +
+			(sizeof(u64) * (i+1));
+
+		/* Re-calculate checksum */
+		xsdt->header.checksum=0;
+		xsdt->header.checksum=acpi_checksum((u8 *)xsdt,
+				xsdt->header.length);
+	}
+
+	printk_debug("ACPI: added table %d/%d Length now %d\n",
+			i+1, entries_num, rsdt->header.length);
 }
 
 int acpi_create_mcfg_mmconfig(acpi_mcfg_mmconfig_t *mmconfig, u32 base, u16 seg_nr, u8 start, u8 end)
@@ -222,7 +237,8 @@
 }
 
 /* this can be overriden by platform ACPI setup code,
-   if it calls acpi_create_ssdt_generator */
+ * if it calls acpi_create_ssdt_generator
+ */
 unsigned long __attribute__((weak)) acpi_fill_ssdt_generator(unsigned long current,
 						    const char *oem_table_id) {
 	return current;
@@ -560,10 +576,29 @@
 extern char *lowmem_backup_ptr;
 extern int lowmem_backup_size;
 
+#define WAKEUP_BASE		0x600
+
+void (*acpi_do_wakeup)(u32 vector, u32 backup_source, u32 backup_target, u32
+		backup_size) __attribute__((regparm(0))) = (void *)WAKEUP_BASE;
+
+extern unsigned char __wakeup, __wakeup_size;
+
 void acpi_jump_to_wakeup(void *vector)
 {
+	u32 acpi_backup_memory = (u32) cbmem_find(CBMEM_ID_RESUME);
+
+	if (!acpi_backup_memory) {
+		printk(BIOS_WARNING, "ACPI: Backup memory missing. No S3 Resume.\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	// FIXME this should go into the ACPI backup memory, too. No pork saussages.
 	/* just restore the SMP trampoline and continue with wakeup on assembly level */
 	memcpy(lowmem_backup_ptr, lowmem_backup, lowmem_backup_size);
-	acpi_jmp_to_realm_wakeup((u32) vector);
+
+	/* copy wakeup trampoline in place */
+	memcpy(WAKEUP_BASE, &__wakeup, &__wakeup_size);
+
+	acpi_do_wakeup((u32)vector, acpi_backup_memory, CONFIG_RAMBASE, HIGH_MEMORY_SAVE);
 }
 #endif
diff --git a/src/arch/i386/boot/wakeup.S b/src/arch/i386/boot/wakeup.S
index 7915fc3..b348e95 100644
--- a/src/arch/i386/boot/wakeup.S
+++ b/src/arch/i386/boot/wakeup.S
@@ -2,10 +2,11 @@
  * This file is part of the coreboot project.
  *
  * Copyright (C) 2009 Rudolf Marek <r.marek@assembler.cz>
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 coresystems GmbH
  *
  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
- * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License v2 as published by
- * the Free Software Foundation.
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
  *
  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
@@ -16,76 +17,89 @@
  * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301 USA
  */
-	.text
-	.code32
-	.globl acpi_jmp_to_realm_wakeup
-	/* This function does the PM -> RM switch, but
-	it can run >1MB even in real mode */
 
-acpi_jmp_to_realm_wakeup:
-	mov	0x4(%esp), %eax
+#define WAKEUP_BASE		0x600
+#define RELOCATED(x)	(x - __wakeup + WAKEUP_BASE)
+
+/* CR0 bits */
+#define PE		(1 << 0)
+
+	.code32
+	.globl __wakeup
+__wakeup:
+	/* First prepare the jmp to the resume vector */
+	mov	0x4(%esp), %eax	/* vector */
 	/* last 4 bits of linear addr are taken as offset */
 	andw	$0x0f, %ax
-	movw	%ax, (jmp_off)
+	movw	%ax, (__wakeup_offset)
 	mov	0x4(%esp), %eax
 	/* the rest is taken as segment */
 	shr	$4, %eax
-	movw	%ax, (jmp_seg)
-	lgdt	gdtaddr_wakeup
-	movl	$0x008,%eax
-	mov	%eax,%ds
-	movl	%eax,%es
-	movl	%eax,%ss
-	movl	%eax,%fs
-	movl	%eax,%gs
-	ljmp $0x0010,$reload_cs
-        .code16gcc
-reload_cs:
-	/* switch off PE */
+	movw	%ax, (__wakeup_segment)
+
+	/* Then overwrite coreboot with our backed up memory */
+	movl 8(%esp), %esi
+	movl 12(%esp), %edi
+	movl 16(%esp), %ecx
+	shrl	$4, %ecx
+1:
+	movl	0(%esi),%eax
+	movl	4(%esi),%edx
+	movl	8(%esi),%ebx
+	movl	12(%esi),%ebp
+	addl	$16,%esi
+	subl	$1,%ecx
+	movl	%eax,0(%edi)
+	movl	%edx,4(%edi)
+	movl	%ebx,8(%edi)
+	movl	%ebp,12(%edi)
+	leal	16(%edi),%edi
+	jne	1b
+
+	/* Activate the right segment descriptor real mode. */
+	ljmp	$0x28, $RELOCATED(1f)
+1:
+.code16
+	/* 16 bit code from here on... */
+
+	/* Load the segment registers w/ properly configured
+	 * segment descriptors. They will retain these
+	 * configurations (limits, writability, etc.) once
+	 * protected mode is turned off.
+	 */
+	mov	$0x30, %ax
+	mov	%ax, %ds       
+	mov	%ax, %es       
+	mov	%ax, %fs       
+	mov	%ax, %gs       
+	mov	%ax, %ss       
+
+	/* Turn off protection */
 	movl	%cr0, %eax
-	andb	$0xfe,%al
+	andl	$~PE, %eax
 	movl	%eax, %cr0
-	ljmpl $0x0, $cpu_flushed
-cpu_flushed:
+
+	/* Now really going into real mode */
+	ljmp	$0, $RELOCATED(1f)
+1:
 	movw	$0x0, %ax
 	movw	%ax, %ds
 	movw	%ax, %es
 	movw	%ax, %ss
 	movw	%ax, %fs
 	movw	%ax, %gs
-	/* far jump to OS waking vector. The linear addr is changed to SEG and OFFSET
-	   check ACPI specs or above code for details */
+
+	/* This is a FAR JMP to the OS waking vector. The C code changed
+	 * the address to be correct.
+	 */
 	.byte 0xea
-jmp_off:
-	.word 0
-jmp_seg:
-	.word 0
 
-.code32
-gdt_wakeup_limit = gdt_wakeup_end - gdt_wakeup - 1	/* compute the table limit */
-	gdtaddr_wakeup:
-	.word   gdt_wakeup_limit	/* the table limit */
-	.long   gdt_wakeup             /* we know the offset */
+__wakeup_offset = RELOCATED(.)
+	.word 0x0000
 
-	 .data
+__wakeup_segment = RELOCATED(.)
+	.word 0x0000
 
-	/* This is the gdt for GCC part of coreboot.
-	 * It is different from the gdt in ROMCC/ASM part of coreboot
-	 * which is defined in entry32.inc */
-gdt_wakeup:
-	/* selgdt 0, unused */
-	.word	0x0000, 0x0000		/* dummy */
-	.byte	0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
+	.globl __wakeup_size
+__wakeup_size = ( . - __wakeup)
 
-	/* selgdt 8, flat data segment 16bit */
-	.word	0x0000, 0x0000		/* dummy */
-	.byte	0x00, 0x93, 0x8f, 0x00 /* G=1 and 0x0f, So we get 4Gbytes for limit */	
-
-	/* selgdt 0x10, flat code segment 16bit */ 
-	.word	0xffff, 0x0000		
-	.byte	0x00, 0x9b, 0x8f, 0x00 /* G=1 and 0x0f, So we get 4Gbytes for limit */	
-
-gdt_wakeup_end:
-
-	.previous
-.code32
diff --git a/src/arch/i386/include/arch/acpi.h b/src/arch/i386/include/arch/acpi.h
index 85b8445..21ec64e 100644
--- a/src/arch/i386/include/arch/acpi.h
+++ b/src/arch/i386/include/arch/acpi.h
@@ -1,16 +1,27 @@
 /*
  * coreboot ACPI Support - headers and defines.
- * 
+ *
  * written by Stefan Reinauer <stepan@coresystems.de>
  * Copyright (C) 2004 SUSE LINUX AG
+ * Copyright (C) 2004 Nick Barker
  * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 coresystems GmbH
  *
- * The ACPI table structs are based on the Linux kernel sources.
- * ACPI FADT & FACS added by Nick Barker <nick.barker9@btinternet.com>
- * those parts (C) 2004 Nick Barker
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of
+ * the License.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston,
+ * MA 02110-1301 USA
  */
 
-
 #ifndef __ASM_ACPI_H
 #define __ASM_ACPI_H
 
@@ -48,6 +59,12 @@
 	u32 addrh;
 } __attribute__ ((packed)) acpi_addr_t;
 
+#define ACPI_ADDRESS_SPACE_MEMORY	   0
+#define ACPI_ADDRESS_SPACE_IO		   1
+#define ACPI_ADDRESS_SPACE_PCI		   2
+#define ACPI_ADDRESS_SPACE_FIXED	0x7f
+
+
 /* Generic ACPI Header, provided by (almost) all tables */
 
 typedef struct acpi_table_header         /* ACPI common table header */
@@ -63,12 +80,8 @@
 	u32  asl_compiler_revision;  /* ASL compiler revision number */
 } __attribute__ ((packed)) acpi_header_t;
 
-/* FIXME: This is very fragile:
- * MCONFIG, HPET, FADT, SRAT, SLIT, MADT(APIC), SSDT, SSDTX, and SSDT for CPU
- * pstate
- */
-
-#define MAX_ACPI_TABLES (7 + CONFIG_ACPI_SSDTX_NUM + CONFIG_MAX_CPUS)
+/* A maximum number of 32 ACPI tables ought to be enough for now */
+#define MAX_ACPI_TABLES 32
 
 /* RSDT */
 typedef struct acpi_rsdt {
@@ -330,6 +343,16 @@
 //
 #define ACPI_FACS_S4BIOS_F	(1 << 0)
 
+typedef struct acpi_ecdt {
+	struct acpi_table_header header;
+	struct acpi_gen_regaddr ec_control;
+	struct acpi_gen_regaddr ec_data;
+	u32 uid;
+	u8 gpe_bit;
+	u8 ec_id[];
+} __attribute__ ((packed)) acpi_ecdt_t;
+
+
 /* These are implemented by the target port */
 unsigned long write_acpi_tables(unsigned long addr);
 unsigned long acpi_fill_madt(unsigned long current);
@@ -382,7 +405,7 @@
 void suspend_resume(void);
 void *acpi_find_wakeup_vector(void);
 void *acpi_get_wakeup_rsdp(void);
-void acpi_jmp_to_realm_wakeup(u32 linear_addr);
+void acpi_jmp_to_realm_wakeup(u32 linear_addr) __attribute__((regparm(0)));
 void acpi_jump_to_wakeup(void *wakeup_addr);
 
 int acpi_get_sleep_type(void);
diff --git a/src/arch/i386/lib/c_start.S b/src/arch/i386/lib/c_start.S
index d2d8b43..4ef5979 100644
--- a/src/arch/i386/lib/c_start.S
+++ b/src/arch/i386/lib/c_start.S
@@ -253,7 +253,16 @@
 
 	/* This is the gdt for GCC part of coreboot.
 	 * It is different from the gdt in ROMCC/ASM part of coreboot
-	 * which is defined in entry32.inc */ /* BUT WHY?? */
+	 * which is defined in entry32.inc
+	 *
+	 * When the machine is initially started, we use a very simple
+	 * gdt from rom (that in entry32.inc) which only contains those
+	 * entries we need for protected mode.
+	 *
+	 * When we're executing code from RAM, we want to do more complex
+	 * stuff, like initializing PCI option roms in real mode, or doing
+	 * a resume from a suspend to ram. 
+	 */
 gdt:
 	/* selgdt 0, unused */
 	.word	0x0000, 0x0000		/* dummy */
@@ -275,6 +284,8 @@
 	.word	0x0000, 0x0000		/* dummy */
 	.byte	0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
 
+	/* The next two entries are used for executing VGA option ROMs */
+
 	/* selgdt 0x28 16-bit 64k code at 0x00000000 */
 	.word   0xffff, 0x0000
 	.byte   0, 0x9a, 0, 0
@@ -282,6 +293,16 @@
 	/* selgdt 0x30 16-bit 64k data at 0x00000000 */
 	.word   0xffff, 0x0000
 	.byte   0, 0x92, 0, 0
+
+	/* The next two entries are used for ACPI S3 RESUME */
+
+	/* selgdt 0x38, flat data segment 16bit */
+	.word	0x0000, 0x0000		/* dummy */
+	.byte	0x00, 0x93, 0x8f, 0x00 /* G=1 and 0x0f, So we get 4Gbytes for limit */	
+
+	/* selgdt 0x40, flat code segment 16bit */ 
+	.word	0xffff, 0x0000		
+	.byte	0x00, 0x9b, 0x8f, 0x00 /* G=1 and 0x0f, So we get 4Gbytes for limit */	
 gdt_end:
 
 idtarg: