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* This file is part of the coreboot project.
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* GNU General Public License for more details.
#include <stdint.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
* Two types are provided to aid in dealing with automatic buffer management
* for code that deals with serializing and deserializing data structures.
* The ibuf (input buffer) is read from while the obuf (output buffer) is
* written to. Both keep track of capacity of the buffer as well as current
* read or write cursor.
* When splicing or splitting ibufs of obufs the source object doesn't track
* reads or writes through the newly created objects back to the source object.
* Any function returning an int encodes the return values as < 0 on error
* and 0 on success. Any function returning a pointer returns NULL on error
* and non-NULL on success.
struct ibuf {
const uint8_t *b;
size_t n_read;
size_t capacity;
struct obuf {
uint8_t *b;
size_t n_written;
size_t capacity;
/* Helper functions. */
static inline size_t ibuf_capacity(const struct ibuf *ib)
return ib->capacity;
static inline size_t ibuf_nr_read(const struct ibuf *ib)
return ib->n_read;
static inline size_t ibuf_remaining(const struct ibuf *ib)
return ibuf_capacity(ib) - ibuf_nr_read(ib);
static inline size_t obuf_capacity(const struct obuf *ob)
return ob->capacity;
static inline size_t obuf_nr_written(const struct obuf *ob)
return ob->n_written;
static inline size_t obuf_remaining(const struct obuf *ob)
return obuf_capacity(ob) - obuf_nr_written(ob);
/* Initialize an ibuf with buffer and size of data. */
void ibuf_init(struct ibuf *ib, const void *b, size_t sz);
/* Create a new ibuf based on a subregion of the src ibuf. */
int ibuf_splice(const struct ibuf *src, struct ibuf *dst, size_t off,
size_t sz);
/* Same as ibuf_splice(), but start from last read byte offset. */
int ibuf_splice_current(const struct ibuf *src, struct ibuf *dst, size_t sz);
/* Split an ibuf into 2 new ibufs at provided boundary. */
int ibuf_split(const struct ibuf *src, struct ibuf *a, struct ibuf *b,
size_t boundary);
/* Out-of-band drain of ibuf by returning pointer to data of specified size. */
const void *ibuf_oob_drain(struct ibuf *ib, size_t sz);
/* Read arbitray data from input buffer. */
int ibuf_read(struct ibuf *ib, void *data, size_t sz);
/* Read big endian fixed size values. */
int ibuf_read_be8(struct ibuf *ib, uint8_t *v);
int ibuf_read_be16(struct ibuf *ib, uint16_t *v);
int ibuf_read_be32(struct ibuf *ib, uint32_t *v);
int ibuf_read_be64(struct ibuf *ib, uint64_t *v);
/* Read little endian fixed size values. */
int ibuf_read_le8(struct ibuf *ib, uint8_t *v);
int ibuf_read_le16(struct ibuf *ib, uint16_t *v);
int ibuf_read_le32(struct ibuf *ib, uint32_t *v);
int ibuf_read_le64(struct ibuf *ib, uint64_t *v);
/* Read native endian fixed size values. */
int ibuf_read_n8(struct ibuf *ib, uint8_t *v);
int ibuf_read_n16(struct ibuf *ib, uint16_t *v);
int ibuf_read_n32(struct ibuf *ib, uint32_t *v);
int ibuf_read_n64(struct ibuf *ib, uint64_t *v);
/* Helper to create an ibuf from an obuf after an entity has written data. */
void ibuf_from_obuf(struct ibuf *ib, const struct obuf *ob);
/* Initialize an obuf with buffer and maximum capacity. */
void obuf_init(struct obuf *ob, void *b, size_t sz);
/* Provide the buffer and size of the written contents. */
const void *obuf_contents(const struct obuf *ob, size_t *sz);
/* Create a new obuf based on a subregion of the src obuf. */
int obuf_splice(const struct obuf *src, struct obuf *dst, size_t off,
size_t sz);
/* Same as obuf_splice(), but start from last written byte offset. */
int obuf_splice_current(const struct obuf *src, struct obuf *dst, size_t sz);
/* Split an obuf into 2 new obufs at provided boundary. */
int obuf_split(const struct obuf *src, struct obuf *a, struct obuf *b,
size_t boundary);
/* Fill the buffer out-of-band. The size is accounted for. */
void *obuf_oob_fill(struct obuf *ob, size_t sz);
/* Write arbitray data to output buffer. */
int obuf_write(struct obuf *ob, const void *data, size_t sz);
/* Write big endian fixed size values. */
int obuf_write_be8(struct obuf *ob, uint8_t v);
int obuf_write_be16(struct obuf *ob, uint16_t v);
int obuf_write_be32(struct obuf *ob, uint32_t v);
int obuf_write_be64(struct obuf *ob, uint64_t v);
/* Write little endian fixed size values. */
int obuf_write_le8(struct obuf *ob, uint8_t v);
int obuf_write_le16(struct obuf *ob, uint16_t v);
int obuf_write_le32(struct obuf *ob, uint32_t v);
int obuf_write_le64(struct obuf *ob, uint64_t v);
/* Write native endian fixed size values. */
int obuf_write_n8(struct obuf *ob, uint8_t v);
int obuf_write_n16(struct obuf *ob, uint16_t v);
int obuf_write_n32(struct obuf *ob, uint32_t v);
int obuf_write_n64(struct obuf *ob, uint64_t v);