printf: Automatically prefix %p with 0x

According to the POSIX standard, %p is supposed to print a pointer "as
if by %#x", meaning the "0x" prefix should automatically be prepended.
All other implementations out there (glibc, Linux, even libpayload) do
this, so we should make coreboot match. This patch changes vtxprintf()
accordingly and removes any explicit instances of "0x%p" from existing
format strings.

How to handle zero padding is less clear: the official POSIX definition
above technically says there should be no automatic zero padding, but in
practice most other implementations seem to do it and I assume most
programmers would prefer it. The way chosen here is to always zero-pad
to 32 bits, even on a 64-bit system. The rationale for this is that even
on 64-bit systems, coreboot always avoids using any memory above 4GB for
itself, so in practice all pointers should fit in that range and padding
everything to 64 bits would just hurt readability. Padding it this way
also helps pointers that do exceed 4GB (e.g. prints from MMU config on
some arm64 systems) stand out better from the others.

Change-Id: I0171b52f7288abb40e3fc3c8b874aee14b9bdcd6
Signed-off-by: Julius Werner <>
Tested-by: build bot (Jenkins) <>
Reviewed-by: Paul Menzel <>
Reviewed-by: Patrick Georgi <>
Reviewed-by: David Guckian
52 files changed
tree: db4cffc987097c64fb6c6be996e57bdcbf9786ac
  1. 3rdparty/
  2. configs/
  3. Documentation/
  5. payloads/
  6. src/
  7. util/
  8. .checkpatch.conf
  9. .clang-format
  10. .editorconfig
  11. .gitignore
  12. .gitmodules
  13. .gitreview
  16. gnat.adc
  18. Makefile

coreboot README

coreboot is a Free Software project aimed at replacing the proprietary BIOS (firmware) found in most computers. coreboot performs a little bit of hardware initialization and then executes additional boot logic, called a payload.

With the separation of hardware initialization and later boot logic, coreboot can scale from specialized applications that run directly firmware, run operating systems in flash, load custom bootloaders, or implement firmware standards, like PC BIOS services or UEFI. This allows for systems to only include the features necessary in the target application, reducing the amount of code and flash space required.

coreboot was formerly known as LinuxBIOS.


After the basic initialization of the hardware has been performed, any desired "payload" can be started by coreboot.

See for a list of supported payloads.

Supported Hardware

coreboot supports a wide range of chipsets, devices, and mainboards.

For details please consult:

Build Requirements

  • make
  • gcc / g++ Because Linux distribution compilers tend to use lots of patches. coreboot does lots of "unusual" things in its build system, some of which break due to those patches, sometimes by gcc aborting, sometimes - and that's worse - by generating broken object code. Two options: use our toolchain (eg. make crosstools-i386) or enable the ANY_TOOLCHAIN Kconfig option if you're feeling lucky (no support in this case).
  • iasl (for targets with ACPI support)
  • pkg-config
  • libssl-dev (openssl)


  • doxygen (for generating/viewing documentation)
  • gdb (for better debugging facilities on some targets)
  • ncurses (for make menuconfig and make nconfig)
  • flex and bison (for regenerating parsers)

Building coreboot

Please consult for details.

Testing coreboot Without Modifying Your Hardware

If you want to test coreboot without any risks before you really decide to use it on your hardware, you can use the QEMU system emulator to run coreboot virtually in QEMU.

Please see for details.

Website and Mailing List

Further details on the project, a FAQ, many HOWTOs, news, development guidelines and more can be found on the coreboot website:

You can contact us directly on the coreboot mailing list:

Copyright and License

The copyright on coreboot is owned by quite a large number of individual developers and companies. Please check the individual source files for details.

coreboot is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL). Some files are licensed under the "GPL (version 2, or any later version)", and some files are licensed under the "GPL, version 2". For some parts, which were derived from other projects, other (GPL-compatible) licenses may apply. Please check the individual source files for details.

This makes the resulting coreboot images licensed under the GPL, version 2.