cpu/x86/tsc: Flip and rename TSC_CONSTANT_RATE to UNKNOWN_TSC_RATE

The x86 timers are a bit of a mess. Cases where different stages use
different counters and timestamps use different counters from udelays.

The original intention was to only flip TSC_CONSTANT_RATE Kconfig
to NOT_CONSTANT_TSC_RATE. The name would be incorrect though, those
counters do run with a constant rate but we just lack tsc_freq_mhz()
implementation for three platforms.

Note that for boards with UNKNOWN_TSC_RATE=y, each stage will have a
slow run of calibrate_tsc_with_pit(). This is easy enough to fix with
followup implementation of tsc_freq_mhz() for the platforms.

Implementations with LAPIC_MONOTONIC_TIMER typically will not have
tsc_freq_mhz() implemented and default to UNKNOWN_TSC_RATE. However,
as they don't use TSC for udelay() the slow calibrate_tsc_with_pit()
is avoided.

Because x86/tsc_delay.tsc was using two different guards and nb/via/vx900
claimed UDELAY_TSC, but pulled UDELAY_IO implementation, we also switch
that romstage to use UDELAY_TSC.

Change-Id: I1690cb80295d6b006b75ed69edea28899b674b68
Signed-off-by: Kyösti Mälkki <kyosti.malkki@gmail.com>
Reviewed-on: https://review.coreboot.org/c/coreboot/+/33928
Tested-by: build bot (Jenkins) <no-reply@coreboot.org>
Reviewed-by: Aaron Durbin <adurbin@chromium.org>
32 files changed
tree: 67b37afc2c6bc3cfaa3750a87394c5b056067137
  1. 3rdparty/
  2. configs/
  3. Documentation/
  5. payloads/
  6. src/
  7. util/
  8. .checkpatch.conf
  9. .clang-format
  10. .editorconfig
  11. .gitignore
  12. .gitmodules
  13. .gitreview
  16. gnat.adc
  18. Makefile
  19. Makefile.inc
  20. README.md
  21. toolchain.inc

coreboot README

coreboot is a Free Software project aimed at replacing the proprietary BIOS (firmware) found in most computers. coreboot performs a little bit of hardware initialization and then executes additional boot logic, called a payload.

With the separation of hardware initialization and later boot logic, coreboot can scale from specialized applications that run directly firmware, run operating systems in flash, load custom bootloaders, or implement firmware standards, like PC BIOS services or UEFI. This allows for systems to only include the features necessary in the target application, reducing the amount of code and flash space required.

coreboot was formerly known as LinuxBIOS.


After the basic initialization of the hardware has been performed, any desired "payload" can be started by coreboot.

See https://www.coreboot.org/Payloads for a list of supported payloads.

Supported Hardware

coreboot supports a wide range of chipsets, devices, and mainboards.

For details please consult:

Build Requirements

  • make
  • gcc / g++ Because Linux distribution compilers tend to use lots of patches. coreboot does lots of "unusual" things in its build system, some of which break due to those patches, sometimes by gcc aborting, sometimes - and that's worse - by generating broken object code. Two options: use our toolchain (eg. make crosstools-i386) or enable the ANY_TOOLCHAIN Kconfig option if you're feeling lucky (no support in this case).
  • iasl (for targets with ACPI support)
  • pkg-config
  • libssl-dev (openssl)


  • doxygen (for generating/viewing documentation)
  • gdb (for better debugging facilities on some targets)
  • ncurses (for make menuconfig and make nconfig)
  • flex and bison (for regenerating parsers)

Building coreboot

Please consult https://www.coreboot.org/Build_HOWTO for details.

Testing coreboot Without Modifying Your Hardware

If you want to test coreboot without any risks before you really decide to use it on your hardware, you can use the QEMU system emulator to run coreboot virtually in QEMU.

Please see https://www.coreboot.org/QEMU for details.

Website and Mailing List

Further details on the project, a FAQ, many HOWTOs, news, development guidelines and more can be found on the coreboot website:


You can contact us directly on the coreboot mailing list:


Copyright and License

The copyright on coreboot is owned by quite a large number of individual developers and companies. Please check the individual source files for details.

coreboot is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL). Some files are licensed under the "GPL (version 2, or any later version)", and some files are licensed under the "GPL, version 2". For some parts, which were derived from other projects, other (GPL-compatible) licenses may apply. Please check the individual source files for details.

This makes the resulting coreboot images licensed under the GPL, version 2.